Differences in aerobic fitness and lifestyle characteristics in preschoolers according to their weight status and sports club participation.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_D72F0F118F6E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Differences in aerobic fitness and lifestyle characteristics in preschoolers according to their weight status and sports club participation.
Journal
Obesity facts
Author(s)
Ebenegger V., Marques-Vidal P., Kriemler S., Nydegger A., Zahner L., Niederer I., Bürgi F., Puder J.J.
ISSN
1662-4033 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1662-4025
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
5
Number
1
Pages
23-33
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
This study assesses differences in adiposity, aerobic fitness, and lifestyle characteristics in preschoolers according to their weight status and sports club (SC) participation.
As part of the Ballabeina study, 600 randomly selected preschoolers (mean age 5.1 ± 0.6 years; 50.2% girls) were analyzed. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance, aerobic fitness by the 20-meter shuttle run test, and physical activity by accelerometers. Eating habits, media use, and SC participation were assessed by questionnaires.
Overweight children (Swiss national percentiles) and children not participating in SC had both lower aerobic fitness and higher % body fat compared to their respective counterparts (all p ≤ 0.028). In addition, children not participating in SC were less physically active, had more media use, and ate less healthy compared to children participating in SC (all p ≤ 0.023). Controlling for parental sociocultural determinants attenuated differences in % body fat, in physical activity, and in eating habits.
Aerobic fitness differs both according to weight status and SC participation in preschoolers. Furthermore, in view of the many differences in lifestyle behaviors, SC participation at this age could represent a more discriminatory indicator of healthy lifestyle characteristics than weight status.

Keywords
Adipose Tissue, Body Composition, Body Weight, Case-Control Studies, Child, Preschool, Diet, Exercise, Exercise Test, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Life Style, Male, Obesity, Parents, Physical Fitness, Reference Values, Sedentary Lifestyle, Social Class, Sports, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
05/03/2012 9:12
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:56
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