Airway stenting with the LT-Mold? for severe glotto-subglottic stenosis or intractable aspiration: experience in 65 cases.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_D5C4CEA69611
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Airway stenting with the LT-Mold? for severe glotto-subglottic stenosis or intractable aspiration: experience in 65 cases.
Journal
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Author(s)
Alshammari J., Monnier P.
ISSN
1434-4726 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0937-4477
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Volume
269
Number
12
Pages
2531-2538
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of stenting in upper airway reconstructions for benign laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) with a newly designed prosthesis, the LT-Mold?. The LT-Mold and its proper use during open surgery and endoscopy are described, and the experience gathered from a prospectively collected database on 65 patients treated for complex LTS or severe aspiration is reported. This series is compared to the results of other stenting methods. All patients were available for evaluation. In all but one case, the prosthesis was removed at the end of the study. The new prosthesis did not induce any stent-related trauma to the supraglottis, glottis and subglottis. Before adding a distal round-shaped silicone cap to the LT-Mold, granulation tissue was usually seen at the stent-mucosal interface at the tracheostoma level. In 14 cases, there has been a spontaneous extrusion of the prosthesis through the mouth; this problem was solved by fixing the prosthesis through the reinforced portion of the prosthesis at the cap level and by adding one fixation stitch in the supraglottis. We have to document the loss of the silicone cap in three cases. This problem was resolved by designing a new prototype with an integrated cap, glued with a slow hardening silicone glue. Fifty-four (83 %) of 65 patients were decannulated after a mean duration of stenting of 3 months (range 1-12 months). The mean follow-up after decannulation was 23 months (range 1 month to 10 years). The experience gathered with the LT-Mold shows that long-term stenting for complex LTS is safely achieved when the prosthesis is used with its distal integrated silicone cap. The softness and smoothness of the prosthesis with a round-shaped configuration of both extremities help avoid ulceration and granulation tissue formation in the reconstructed airway. Adequate fixation is mandatory to avoid extrusion.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/12/2012 18:17
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:55
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