The RYR2-encoded ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel in patients diagnosed previously with either catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia or genotype negative, exercise-induced long QT syndrome: a comprehensive open reading frame mutational analysis.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D54CC74CA8A9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The RYR2-encoded ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel in patients diagnosed previously with either catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia or genotype negative, exercise-induced long QT syndrome: a comprehensive open reading frame mutational analysis.
Journal
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Author(s)
Medeiros-Domingo A., Bhuiyan Z.A., Tester D.J., Hofman N., Bikker H., van Tintelen J.P., Mannens M.M., Wilde A.A., Ackerman M.J.
ISSN
1558-3597 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0735-1097
Publication state
Published
Issued date
24/11/2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
54
Number
22
Pages
2065-2074
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
This study was undertaken to determine the spectrum and prevalence of mutations in the RYR2-encoded cardiac ryanodine receptor in cases with exertional syncope and normal corrected QT interval (QTc).
Mutations in RYR2 cause type 1 catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT1), a cardiac channelopathy with increased propensity for lethal ventricular dysrhythmias. Most RYR2 mutational analyses target 3 canonical domains encoded by <40% of the translated exons. The extent of CPVT1-associated mutations localizing outside of these domains remains unknown as RYR2 has not been examined comprehensively in most patient cohorts.
Mutational analysis of all RYR2 exons was performed using polymerase chain reaction, high-performance liquid chromatography, and deoxyribonucleic acid sequencing on 155 unrelated patients (49% females, 96% Caucasian, age at diagnosis 20 +/- 15 years, mean QTc 428 +/- 29 ms), with either clinical diagnosis of CPVT (n = 110) or an initial diagnosis of exercise-induced long QT syndrome but with QTc <480 ms and a subsequent negative long QT syndrome genetic test (n = 45).
Sixty-three (34 novel) possible CPVT1-associated mutations, absent in 400 reference alleles, were detected in 73 unrelated patients (47%). Thirteen new mutation-containing exons were identified. Two-thirds of the CPVT1-positive patients had mutations that localized to 1 of 16 exons.
Possible CPVT1 mutations in RYR2 were identified in nearly one-half of this cohort; 45 of the 105 translated exons are now known to host possible mutations. Considering that approximately 65% of CPVT1-positive cases would be discovered by selective analysis of 16 exons, a tiered targeting strategy for CPVT genetic testing should be considered.

Keywords
Adult, Calcium Channels/genetics, Catecholamines/metabolism, DNA Mutational Analysis, Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology, Exercise/physiology, Exercise Test, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics, Genotype, Humans, Long QT Syndrome/genetics, Male, Mosaicism, Open Reading Frames/genetics, Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics, Syncope/genetics, Tachycardia, Ventricular/genetics, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
01/03/2018 16:07
Last modification date
22/09/2021 15:16
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