Acute nutrient regulation of the mitochondrial glutathione redox state in pancreatic beta-cells

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D52B01F18BEF
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Acute nutrient regulation of the mitochondrial glutathione redox state in pancreatic beta-cells
Journal
Biochemical Journal
Author(s)
Takahashi H. K., Santos L. R. B., Roma L. P., Duprez J., Broca C., Wojtusciszyn A., Jonas J. C.
ISSN
0264-6021
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Volume
460
Pages
411-423
Language
english
Notes
3
Aj0jd
Times Cited:25
Cited References Count:46
Abstract
The glucose stimulation of insulin secretion by pancreatic beta-cells depends on increased production of metabolic coupling factors, among which changes in NADPH and ROS (reactive oxygen species) may alter the glutathione redox state (E-GSH) and signal through changes in thiol oxidation. However, whether nutrients affect E-GSH in beta-cell subcellular compartments is unknown. Using redox-sensitive GFP2 fused to glutaredoxin 1 and its mitochondria-targeted form, we studied the acute nutrient regulation of E-GSH in the cytosol/nucleus or the mitochondrial matrix of rat islet cells. These probes were mainly expressed in beta-cells and reacted to low concentrations of exogenous H2O2 and menadione. Under control conditions, cytosolic/nuclear E-GSH was close to -300 mV and unaffected by glucose (from 0 to 30 mM). In comparison, mitochondrial E-GSH was less negative and rapidly regulated by glucose and other nutrients, ranging from -280 mV in the absence of glucose to -299 mV in 30 mM glucose. These changes were largely independent from changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration and in mitochondrial pH. They were unaffected by overexpression of SOD2 (superoxide dismutase 2) and mitochondria-targeted catalase, but were inversely correlated with changes in NAD(P)H autofluorescence, suggesting that they indirectly resulted from increased NADPH availability rather than from changes in ROS concentration. Interestingly, the opposite regulation of mitochondrial E-GSH and NAD(P)H autofluorescence by glucose was also observed in human islets isolated from two donors. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that glucose and other nutrients acutely reduce mitochondrial, but not cytosolic/nuclear, E-GSH in pancreatic beta-cells under control conditions.
Keywords
glucose metabolism, glutaredoxin, human islet, insulin secretion, mito-catalase, mitochondrial metabolism, nad(p)h, rat islet, redox-sensitive gfp, superoxide dismutase 2 (sod2), insulin-secretion, hydrogen-peroxide, gene-expression, rat islets, glucose, nadph, proteins, glutaredoxin-2, thioredoxin, activation
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Create date
14/06/2021 8:59
Last modification date
18/09/2021 5:38
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