Hospital outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus caused by a new, possibly hyperepidemic variant from a previously sporadic strain.


Serval ID
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Poster: Summary – with images – on one page of the results of a researche project. The summaries of the poster must be entered in "Abstract" and not "Poster".
Hospital outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus caused by a new, possibly hyperepidemic variant from a previously sporadic strain.
Title of the conference
20th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious (ECCMID)
Clerc O., Senn L., Bellini C., Nahimana I., Blanc D., Zanetti G.
Vienna, Austria, April 10-13, 2010
Publication state
Issued date
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Objective: To describe an ongoing outbreak that tripled the annual detection
of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage
in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: Active surveillance of MRSA is performed since 20 years
in our hospital. Our protocol includes screening of patients transferred
from high-incidence health-care institutions or countries, roommates of
new MRSA cases, and wards where _2 patients acquired MRSA during
the same week. Contact precautions are used for known carriers. PFGE
was used for molecular typing until 2004, and was then replaced by
Double-Locus Sequence Typing (DLST).
Results: A median yearly incidence of 173 new carriers of MRSA was
observed from 2002 to 2007. Since September 2008, an increasing
number of new cases were observed, mainly as successive clusters
limited to distinct wards, reaching a total of 398 until October 2009.
The yearly incidence of new cases rose to 275 in 2008 and 613 in
2009. 60% of the cases were due to one strain: DLST 4−4, ST 228,
SCCmecI. The incidence of new cases due to the previously predominant
strains remained unchanged. The epidemic strain corresponded to a new
variant of a clone responsible for a previous outbreak in 2001, and
only sporadically isolated (mean of 20 cases/year) since then. A case-
control study documented a significant association between acquisition
of the epidemic strain and a stay in intensive and intermediary care
units, a highest number of internal transfers, but did not identify a
point source of transmission. Infection control practices and antibiotic
policy had remained unchanged for several years. Compliance with handhygiene
as monitored yearly was on the rise. Screening of 313 healthcare
workers only found one carrier of the epidemic strain lately in the
outbreak. Additional infection control measures were enforced, including
screening at ICU admission and discharge with PCR-based rapid test,
routine screening for all patients leaving epidemic wards, introduction of
PCR-based rapid test for contact tracing, additional working forces for
environmental disinfection, and hospital-wide education of healthcare
workers. However, the outbreak was still ongoing after 5 months.
Conclusions: Factors linked to the dissemination of this new variant in
our institution remain undetermined. This unresolved outbreak suggests
that this new variant acquired hyperepidemic properties, which calls for
further investigations.
Create date
10/03/2011 14:55
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:54
Usage data