Mixed Marriages in Switzerland : A Test of the Segmented Assimilation Hypothesis

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D456EC246427
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Mixed Marriages in Switzerland : A Test of the Segmented Assimilation Hypothesis
Journal
Demographic Research
Author(s)
Potarca Gina, Bernardi Laura
ISSN
1435-9871
Publication state
Published
Issued date
24/04/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
38
Pages
1457-1494
Language
english
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Switzerland is a notably compelling context of immigration. It has one of the largest and most diversified migrant populations in Europe, while currently enforcing restrictive integration policies. No comprehensive study however has looked at intermarriage patterns to test the segmented (as opposed to classic) assimilation theory within the Swiss context of immigration.
OBJECTIVE
We explore the role of origin group and birth cohort in the emergence and dissolution of mixed marriages in Switzerland, among both natives and immigrants. Using the general framework of segmented assimilation, we also test hypotheses related to reactive ethnicity, opportunity structure, and the normalization of divorce.
METHODS
Based on a sample of 12,827 native and immigrant respondents from the 2013 Swiss Family and Generations Survey, we fit competing risks models for entry into first marriage, and Cox proportional hazards model for entry into first divorce.
RESULTS
We find evidence of a segmented marriage market, with migrants from neighboring Western European countries having higher chances of getting and staying married to a native spouse. Moreover, migrants from younger cohorts are progressively less likely to marry a Swiss native.
CONCLUSIONS
As predicted by the segmented assimilation theory, results reflect the differences in integration pathways between immigrant groups. Generational trends towards less (inter)marriage with natives among young immigrants are suggestive of the transformation of marriage market conditions (e.g., an increasing and replenished migrant population) over the last decades. A higher propensity towards endogamy among Turks and ex-Yugoslavs also reveals the reactive ethnicity of marginalized groups in response to an increasingly hostile immigration climate.

Keywords
Cultural distance, Divorce, Immigrants, Marriage, Mixed marriage, Segmented assimilation, Switzerland
Open Access
Yes
Create date
24/03/2018 13:12
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:54
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