Management of Atrial Fibrillation Following Cardiac Surgery: Observational Study and Development of a Standardized Protocol.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D39616199B8A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Management of Atrial Fibrillation Following Cardiac Surgery: Observational Study and Development of a Standardized Protocol.
Journal
The Annals of pharmacotherapy
Author(s)
Bruggmann C., Astaneh M., Lu H., Tozzi P., Ltaief Z., Voirol P., Sadeghipour F.
ISSN
1542-6270 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1060-0280
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
1060028020973998
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common complication occurring after cardiac surgery. Guidelines for the management of this complication are scarce, often resulting in differences in treatment strategy use among patients.
To evaluate the management of POAF in a cardiac surgery department, characterize the extent of its variability, and develop a standardized protocol.
This was an observational retrospective study with data from patients who underwent cardiac surgeries with subsequent POAF between January 1, 2017, and June 1, 2018. We assessed the difference in the proportions of patients whose first POAF episodes were treated with a rate control (RaC) strategy, a rhythm control (RhC) strategy, and both among different hospital units. We also assessed the mean duration of POAF episodes, POAF recurrences, and the management of anticoagulation.
Data from 97 patients were included in this study. The POAF management strategy differed significantly among the 3 types of hospital units (P = 0.001). Considering all POAF episodes (including all recurrences), 83 of the 97 patients (85.6%) received amiodarone as part of the RhC strategy. Anticoagulation was used in 58 (59.8%) patients and was suboptimal according to the study criteria in 29.5% of the patients included. Based on these results, a hospital working group developed a standardized protocol for POAF management.
POAF management was heterogeneous at our institution. This article highlights the need for clear practice guidelines based on large prospective studies to provide care according to best practices.
Keywords
adrenergic β-antagonists, antiarrhythmia agents, anticoagulants/therapeutic use, atrial fibrillation/drug therapy, cardiac surgical procedures/adverse effects, postoperative atrial fibrillation
Pubmed
Create date
23/11/2020 15:03
Last modification date
20/01/2021 6:26
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