Is the sky or the earth the limit? Risk, uncertainty and nature

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_D31E94AD0C61
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Is the sky or the earth the limit? Risk, uncertainty and nature
Journal
Review of International Political Economy
Author(s)
Maechler Sylvain, Graz Jean-Christophe
ISSN
0969-2290
1466-4526
Publication state
Published
Issued date
23/10/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
1-22
Language
english
Abstract
Dealing with uncertainty has become a matter of great concern for policy makers and scientific research in a world facing global, epochal and complex changes. But in essence, you cannot entirely predict the future. This article aims at conceptualizing the limits to anticipate the future – or what is often referred as the substitution of risk for uncertainty. In contrast to most theories examining risk and uncertainty, we start from the assumption that there are limits in the substitution of risk for uncertainty and that distinguishing between ontological and epistemic levels of analysis helps clarify such limits. The paper makes two arguments: first, most approaches see no ontological and/or epistemic limit in the substitution of risk for uncertainty; second, the pluralization of science is the only way to cope with limits in substituting risk for uncertainty. This second argument draws on the assumption that accounting for the uncertainty of the future depends on knowledge production processes able to overcome disciplinary boundaries and better include lay and expert knowledge. In times of great concerns regarding mitigation and adaptation to the ecological crisis, we illustrate our arguments with insights from global environmental governance.
Keywords
Political Science and International Relations, Sociology and Political Science, Environment, expertise, global governance, measurement, ontology, pluralization of science, risk management, uncertainty
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
18/01/2021 10:38
Last modification date
05/02/2021 7:25
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