Vergleichende Studie über die Bedeutung des binokularen Spot-Vision-Screener-Autorefraktometers bei der Früherkennung visueller Störungen bei Kindern [Comparative Study of the Usefulness of the Binocular Spot Vision Screener Autorefractor in the Detection of Childhood Visual Disorders]

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D206B99E8150
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Vergleichende Studie über die Bedeutung des binokularen Spot-Vision-Screener-Autorefraktometers bei der Früherkennung visueller Störungen bei Kindern [Comparative Study of the Usefulness of the Binocular Spot Vision Screener Autorefractor in the Detection of Childhood Visual Disorders]
Journal
Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
Author(s)
Voide N., Hoeckele N., Kaeser P.F.
ISSN
1439-3999 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0023-2165
Publication state
Published
Issued date
04/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
235
Number
4
Pages
416-419
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The Spot Vision Screener (SVS) is designed to detect significant ametropia, anisometropia, and strabismus in non-dilated eyes. This study evaluates the efficacy of the SVS in paediatric visual screening.
All children screened during the paediatric visual screening day in Lausanne in 2016 were evaluated with the SVS, conventional monocular autorefractors, and clinical orthoptic examination. Recommendations for a further eye examination of the SVS were compared with those issued from traditional clinical screenings (monocular refraction and orthoptic examination).
One hundred and sixty-eight consecutive children were included. The median age was 3.9 years. The SVS median spherical equivalent (SE) was + 0.25 D OU and it detected seven cases of (4.2%) anisometropia (SE difference ≥ 1 D). The conventional monocular autorefractor median SE was - 0.13 D OU and 20 cases of anisometropia (11.9%) were detected. Refraction could not be measured in 1.2% of patients with SVS versus 17.2% with monocular refractors. The SVS screened two manifest strabismus cases against five manifest and > 100 latent strabismus with orthoptic examination. As expected, the SVS was unable to assess reactions to monocular occlusion, visual acuity, and stereovision as well as to detect ocular motility disorders without strabismus in the primary position, and missed two cases of abnormal Brückner reflexes. Overall, the SVS identified 66 suspect patients (39.3%) against 102 (60.7%) after complete clinical examination.
The SVS can be a useful objective screening tool for non-ophthalmologists. However, because it fails to detect ocular motility troubles, organic visual acuity loss, or to assess the visual potential, it should only be used in association with a clinical examination, even in routine screening procedures.
Keywords
Amblyopia/diagnosis, Anisometropia/diagnosis, Child, Preschool, Early Diagnosis, Equipment Design, Female, Humans, Male, Refraction, Ocular, Refractive Errors/diagnosis, Strabismus/diagnosis, Switzerland, Vision Disorders/diagnosis, Vision Screening/instrumentation, Vision, Binocular
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
29/03/2018 16:31
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:52
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