Clinical and molecular characterization of cystinuria in a French cohort: relevance of assessing large-scale rearrangements and splicing variants.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D1C16DFAAB21
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Clinical and molecular characterization of cystinuria in a French cohort: relevance of assessing large-scale rearrangements and splicing variants.
Journal
Molecular genetics & genomic medicine
Author(s)
Gaildrat P., Lebbah S., Tebani A., Sudrié-Arnaud B., Tostivint I., Bollee G., Tubeuf H., Charles T., Bertholet-Thomas A., Goldenberg A., Barbey F., Martins A., Saugier-Veber P., Frébourg T., Knebelmann B., Bekri S.
ISSN
2324-9269 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2324-9269
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
5
Number
4
Pages
373-389
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder of dibasic amino acid transport in the kidney and the intestine leading to increased urinary cystine excretion and nephrolithiasis. Two genes, SLC3A1 and SLC7A9, coding respectively for rBAT and b0,+AT, account for the genetic basis of cystinuria.
This study reports the clinical and molecular characterization of a French cohort including 112 cystinuria patients and 25 relatives from 99 families. Molecular screening was performed using sequencing and Quantitative Multiplex PCR of Short Fluorescent Fragments analyses. Functional minigene-based assays have been used to characterize splicing variants.
Eighty-eight pathogenic nucleotide changes were identified in SLC3A1 (63) and SLC7A9 (25) genes, of which 42 were novel. Interestingly, 17% (15/88) and 11% (10/88) of the total number of variants correspond, respectively, to large-scale rearrangements and splicing mutations. Functional minigene-based assays were performed for six variants located outside the most conserved sequences of the splice sites; three variants affect splice sites, while three others modify exonic splicing regulatory elements (ESR), in good agreement with a new in silico prediction based on ΔtESRseq values.
This report expands the spectrum of SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 variants and supports that digenic inheritance is unlikely. Furthermore, it highlights the relevance of assessing large-scale rearrangements and splicing mutations to fully characterize cystinuria patients at the molecular level.
Keywords
Cystinuria, SLC3A1, SLC7A9, exonic splicing regulatory elements, large‐scale rearrangements, splicing mutations
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
13/02/2019 14:54
Last modification date
15/01/2020 6:26
Usage data