Impulsivity traits and gambling cognitions associated with gambling preferences and clinical status

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_D1305291BE46
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Impulsivity traits and gambling cognitions associated with gambling preferences and clinical status
Journal
International Gambling Studies
Author(s)
Navas Juan F., Billieux Joël (co-first), Perandrés-Gómez Ana, López-Torrecillas Francisca, Cándido Antonio, Perales José C.
ISSN
1445-9795
1479-4276
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
17
Number
1
Pages
102-124
Language
english
Abstract
Impulsivity (and related traits reward/punishment sensitivity and
tolerance to delayed rewards) and gambling cognitions have been
linked to gambling. However, their independent associations with
gambling preferences and clinical status have never been dissociated.
The current study applied a data-driven strategy to identify gambling
preferences, based on gambling frequency in several modalities.
The two resulting factors were used to classify gambling disorder
patients (GDPs) and non-problem recreational gamblers (RGs) into
Type I (preferring cards, casino games and skill-based bets) and Type II
(preferring slot machines, lotteries/pools and bingo). Participants
were assessed in impulsivity, delay discounting, reward/punishment
sensitivity, gambling-related cognitions, gambling severity, gambling
frequency and average amount gambled per episode. GDPs scored
higher than RGs in positive and negative urgency, delay discounting,
reward sensitivity and intensity of gambling-related cognitions, but
less in lack of perseverance. Additionally, Type II gamblers had greater
difficulties delaying gratification, whereas Type I gamblers showed
higher cognitive distortion and reward sensitivity levels. In practical
terms, the finding that some characteristics are equally pervasive in
disordered gamblers independently of their preferences (affect-driven
impulsivity), whereas others (distorted cognitions, reward sensitivity,
delay discounting) are more prominent in one type or the other,
provides a basis to establish targets’ priority in therapy.
Keywords
Gambling disorder, gambling preferences, gambler subtypes, gambling-related cognitions, impulsivity, delay discounting
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10/01/2020 9:30
Last modification date
16/01/2020 17:55
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