Advantages of subclavian artery perfusion for repair of acute type A dissection.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_CC81505B571B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Advantages of subclavian artery perfusion for repair of acute type A dissection.
Journal
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Author(s)
Reuthebuch O., Schurr U., Hellermann J., Prêtre R., Künzli A., Lachat M., Turina M.I.
ISSN
1010-7940 (Print)
ISSN-L
1010-7940
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2004
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Number
3
Pages
592-598
Language
english
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Arterial perfusion through the right subclavian artery is proposed to avoid intraoperative malperfusion during repair of acute type A dissection. This study evaluated the clinical and neurological outcome of patients undergoing surgery of acute aortic type A dissection following subclavian arterial cannulation compared to femoral artery approach.
METHODS: From 1/97 to 1/03, 122 consecutive patients underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Subclavian cannulation was performed in 62 versus femoral cannulation in 60 patients. Clinical characteristics in both groups were similar. Mean age was 61 years (SD+/-14 years, 72% male) and mean follow-up was 3 years (+/-2 years). Patient outcome was assessed as the prevalence of clinical complications, especially neurological deficits, mortality at 30 days, perioperative morbidity and time of body temperature cooling and analyzed by nominal logistic regression analysis for odds ratio calculation.
RESULTS: Arterial subclavian cannulation was successfully performed without any occurrence of malperfusion in all cases. Patients undergoing subclavian cannulation showed an odds ratio of 1.98 (95% CI 1.15-3.51; P=0.0057) for an improved neurological outcome compared to patients undergoing femoral cannulation. Re-exploration rate for postoperative bleeding was significantly reduced in the subclavian group (P<0.0001), as well as occurrence of myocardial infarction (P<0.0001) and duration for body temperature cooling (P=0.004). The 30-day mortality of patients with femoral cannulation was significantly higher compared to patients with subclavian artery cannulation (24 versus 8%; P=0.0179).
CONCLUSIONS: Arterial perfusion through the right subclavian artery provides an excellent approach for repair of acute type A dissection with optimized arterial perfusion body perfusion and allows for antegrade cerebral perfusion during circulatory arrest. The technique is safe and results in a significantly improved clinical and especially neurological outcome.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
16/12/2014 19:08
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:47
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