Parental monitoring: a way to decrease substance use among Swiss adolescents?

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Ressource 1Download: serval:BIB_C964E775046A.P001 (125.62 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
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It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_C964E775046A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Parental monitoring: a way to decrease substance use among Swiss adolescents?
Journal
European Journal of Pediatrics
Author(s)
Tornay L., Michaud P.A., Gmel G., Wilson M.L., Berchtold A., Surís J.C.
ISSN
1432-1076 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0340-6199
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Volume
172
Number
9
Pages
1229-1234
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The objective of this research was to determine whether the level of parental monitoring is associated with substance use among adolescents in Switzerland, and to assess whether this effect remains when these adolescents have consuming peers. For this purpose, we used a nationally representative sample from the Swiss participation in the 2007 European School Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs survey, which included 7,611 adolescents in public schools (8th-10th grades). Four levels of parental control were created and four substances (tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, and ecstasy) were analyzed. All significant variables at the bivariate level were included in the multivariate analysis. Most adolescents had a high level of parental monitoring and that was associated with younger age, females, high socioeconomic status, intact family structure, and satisfactory relationships with mother, father, and peers. Overall, substance use decreased as parental monitoring increased and high parental monitoring decreased as having consuming peers increased. Results remained essentially the same when the variable "having consuming peers" was added to the analysis. Conclusion: parental monitoring is associated to positive effects on adolescent substance use with a reduction of consumption and a lower probability of having consuming peers, which seems to protect adolescents against potentially negative peer influence. Encouraging parents to monitor their adolescents' activities and friendships by establishing rules about what is allowed or not is a way to limit the negative influence of consuming peers on adolescent substance use.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
08/09/2013 10:11
Last modification date
01/10/2019 7:19
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