From breathing to respiration.

Details

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_C764C289FBAC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
From breathing to respiration.
Journal
Respiration
Author(s)
Fitting J.W.
ISSN
1423-0356 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0025-7931
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
89
Number
1
Pages
82-87
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article, pdf : review
Abstract
The purpose of breathing remained an enigma for a long time. The Hippocratic school described breathing patterns but did not associate breathing with the lungs. Empedocles and Plato postulated that breathing was linked to the passage of air through pores of the skin. This was refuted by Aristotle who believed that the role of breathing was to cool the heart. In Alexandria, breakthroughs were accomplished in the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system. Later, Galen proposed an accurate description of the respiratory muscles and the mechanics of breathing. However, his heart-lung model was hampered by the traditional view of two non-communicating vascular systems - veins and arteries. After a period of stagnation in the Middle Ages, knowledge progressed with the discovery of pulmonary circulation. The comprehension of the purpose of breathing progressed by steps thanks to Boyle and Mayow among others, and culminated with the contribution of Priestley and the discovery of oxygen by Lavoisier. Only then was breathing recognized as fulfilling the purpose of respiration, or gas exchange. A century later, a controversy emerged concerning the active or passive transfer of oxygen from alveoli to the blood. August and Marie Krogh settled the dispute, showing that passive diffusion was sufficient to meet the oxygen needs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
17/02/2015 11:08
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:42
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