Identifying the psychological processes delineating non-harmful from problematic binge-watching: A machine learning analytical approach

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_C5C945E615FB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Identifying the psychological processes delineating non-harmful from problematic binge-watching: A machine learning analytical approach
Journal
Telematics and Informatics
Author(s)
Flayelle Maèva, Elhai Jon D., Maurage Pierre, Vögele Claus, Brevers Damien, Baggio Stéphanie, Billieux Joël
ISSN
0736-5853
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
74
Pages
101880
Language
english
Abstract
As on-demand streaming technology rapidly expanded, binge-watching (i.e., watching multiple episodes of TV series back-to-back) has become a widespread activity, and substantial research has been conducted to explore its potential harmfulness. There is, however, a need for differentiating non-harmful and problematic binge-watching. This is the first study using a machine learning analytical strategy to further investigate the distinct psychological predictors of these two binge-watching patterns. A total of 4275 TV series viewers completed an online survey assessing sociodemographic variables, binge-watching engagement, and relevant predictor variables (i.e., viewing motivations, impulsivity facets, and affect). In one set of analyses, we modeled intensity of non-harmful involvement in binge-watching as the dependent variable, while in a following set of analyses, we modeled intensity of problematic involvement in binge-watching as the dependent variable. Emotional enhancement motivation, followed by enrichment and social motivations, were the most important variables in modeling non-harmful involvement. Coping/escapism motivation, followed by urgency and lack of perseverance (two impulsivity traits), were found as the most important predictors of problematic involvement. These findings indicate that non-harmful involvement is characterized by positive reinforcement triggered by TV series watching, while problematic involvement is linked to negative reinforcement motives and impulsivity traits.
Keywords
Binge-watching, TV series, Engagement, Machine learning, Affect, Impulsivity, Motives
Open Access
Yes
Create date
19/09/2022 17:53
Last modification date
20/09/2022 7:13
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