Exploring the stability of HEXACO‐60 structure and the association of gender, age, and social position with personality traits across 18 countries

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_C4B655162914
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Exploring the stability of HEXACO‐60 structure and the association of gender, age, and social position with personality traits across 18 countries
Journal
Journal of Personality
Author(s)
García Luis F., Aluja Anton, Rossier Jérôme, Ostendorf Fritz, Glicksohn Joseph, Oumar Barry, Bellaj Tarek, Ruch Willibald, Wang Wei, Kövi Zsuzsanna, Ścigała Dawid, Čekrlija Đorđe, Stivers Adam W., Di Blas Lisa, Valdivia Mauricio, Ben Jemaa Sonia, Atitsogbe Kokou A., Hansenne Michel
ISSN
0022-3506
1467-6494
Publication state
Published
Issued date
20/08/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Abstract
Objectives
The present paper tests the cross-national stability of the HEXACO-60 structure across 18 countries from four continents. Gender and age differences across countries will be examined. Finally, this is the first study to explicitly analyze the relationships between the HEXACO and social position.
Method
10,298 subjects (5,410 women and 4,888 men) from 18 countries and 13 languages were analyzed. Confirmatory factor analysis techniques were used to test configural, metric and scalar invariance models. Congruence coefficients with the original structure of the HEXACO-60 were computed for every culture. Effect sizes of gender, age, and social position factors across countries were also computed.
Results
HEXACO-60 demonstrates configural and metric invariance, but not scalar invariance. Congruence coefficients show a great equivalence in almost all countries and factors. Only Emotionality presents a large gender difference across countries. No relevant effect of age is observed. A profile of high scores on Honesty-Humility, Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience, and low scores on Emotionality increases the likelihood of achieving a higher social position, although the effect sizes are small.
Conclusions
HEXACO-60 is a useful instrument to conduct personality trait research and practice around the world. Implications of gender, social position and country differences are discussed.
Keywords
Social Psychology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/08/2021 12:01
Last modification date
04/09/2021 6:34
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