Differential impairments across attentional networks in binge drinking

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_C4807365ABD7
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Differential impairments across attentional networks in binge drinking
Journal
Psychopharmacology
Author(s)
Lannoy Séverine, Heeren Alexandre, Moyaerts Nathalie, Bruneau Nicolas, Evrard Salomé, Billieux Joël, Maurage Pierre
ISSN
0033-3158
1432-2072
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
234
Number
7
Pages
1059-1068
Language
english
Abstract
Rationale The cognitive deficits observed in young binge
drinkers have been largely documented during the last decade.
Yet, these earlier studies have mainly focused on high-level
cognitive abilities (particularly memory and executive functions), and uncertainty thus still abounds regarding the integrity of less complex cognitive processes in binge drinking.
This is particularly true for attentional abilities, which play a
crucial role in behavior regulation and are impaired in other
alcohol-related disorders.
Objectives and methods To specify the attentional deficits associated with binge drinking, two groups of university students (40 binge drinkers and 40 matched controls) performed
the Attention Network Task, a theoretically grounded test
assessing three independent attentional networks: alerting,
orienting, and executive control.
Results Binge drinkers displayed preserved orienting performance but impaired alerting and executive control. Binge
drinking is thus not related to a general attentional impairment
but rather to specific impairments of the alerting and executive
control networks.
Conclusions These results underline that, beyond the already
explored high-level deficits, binge drinking is also related to
impairments for attentional abilities. In view of the role played
by attentional impairments in alcohol dependence, the present
data also suggest that rehabilitation programs should be
developed to improve attentional abilities at the early stages
of alcohol-related disorders
Keywords
Binge Drinking, Attention, Alerting, Orienting
Pubmed
Web of science
Funding(s)
European Commission
Create date
15/01/2020 14:53
Last modification date
15/01/2020 14:57
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