The impact of attentional training on event-related potentials in older adults.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_C386FF68B292
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The impact of attentional training on event-related potentials in older adults.
Journal
Neurobiology of aging
Author(s)
Zendel B.R., de Boysson C., Mellah S., Démonet J.F., Belleville S.
ISSN
1558-1497 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0197-4580
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
47
Pages
10-22
Language
english
Notes
Publication Status: ppublish
Publication types: JOURNAL ARTICLE

Abstract
Attentional control declines in older adults and is paralleled by changes in event-related brain potentials (ERPs). The N200 is associated with attentional control, thus training-related improvements in attentional control should be paralleled by enhancements to the N200. Older participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups, which focused on training different levels of attentional control: (1) single-task training (single), where participants trained on 2 tasks in isolation; (2) fixed divided attention training (fixed), where participants trained on 2 tasks simultaneously; and (3) variable divided attention training (variable), where participants trained on 2 tasks simultaneously but were instructed to alternatively prioritize each of the 2 tasks. After training, the amplitude of the N200 wave increased in dual-task conditions for the variable group, and this enhancement was correlated with improved dual-task performance. Participants in the variable group also had the greatest improvement in the ability to modulate their allocation of attention in accordance with task instructions to the less salient and less complex of the 2 tasks. Training older adults to modulate their division of attention between tasks improves neural functions associated with attentional control of the trained tasks.

Pubmed
Create date
15/09/2016 21:17
Last modification date
03/03/2018 21:11
Usage data