Development of Elispot and CFSE flow cytometric assays for detecting beryllium sensitivity


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Development of Elispot and CFSE flow cytometric assays for detecting beryllium sensitivity
Title of the conference
Joint Annual Meeting of the Swiss Respiratory Society, Swiss Society of Occupational Medicine, Swiss Paediatric Respiratory Society, Swiss Society for Thoracic Surgery, Davos (Switzerland), April 16/17, 2009
Aubert Vincent, Poupon Lucienne, Medjitna-Rais Emmanuelle, Berode Michèle, Brutsche Martin, Lazor Romain, Bieler Gilles, Pantaleo Giuseppe
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Issued date
Swiss Medical Weekly
Background: Beryllium sensitization (BeS) is caused by exposure to beryllium in the workplace and may progress to chronic beryllium disease (CBD). This granulomatous lung disorder mimicks sarcoidosis clinically, but is characterized by beryllium specific CD4+ T-cells immune response. BeS is classically detected by beryllium lymphocyte proliferation test (BeLPT), but this assay requires radioactivity and is not very sensitive. In the context of a study aiming to evaluate if CBD patients are misdiagnosed as sarcoidosis patients in Switzerland, we developed EliSpot and CFSE beryllium flow cytometric test.
Methods: 23 patients considered as having sarcoidosis (n = 21), CBD (n = 1) and possible CBD (n = 1) were enrolled. Elispot was performed using plate covered with gamma-IFN mAb. Cells were added to wells and incubated overnight at 37 °C with medium (neg ctrl), SEB (pos ctrl) or BeSO4 at 1, 10 and 100 microM. Anti-IFN-gamma biotinylated mAb were added and spots were visualized using streptavidinhorseradish peroxidase and AEC substrate reagent. Results were reported as spot forming unit (SFU). For Beryllium specific CFSE flow cytometry analysis, CFSE labelled cells were cultured in the presence of SEB and 1, 10 or 100 microM BeSO4. Unstimulated CFSE labeled cells were defined as controls. The cells were incubated for 6 days at 37 °C and 5% CO2. Surface labelling of T-lymphocytes and vivid as control of cells viability was performed at the time of harvest.
Results: Using EliSpot technology, we were able to detect a BeS in 1/23 enrolled patients with a mean of 780 SFU (cut off value at 50 SFU). This positive result was confirmed using different concentration of BeSO4. Among the 23 patients tested, 22 showed negative results with EliSpot. Using CFSE flow cytometry, 1/7 tested patients showed a positive result with a beryllium specific CD4+ count around 30% versus 45% for SEB stimulation as positif control and 0.6 % for negative control. This patient was the one with a positive EliSpot assay. Conclusions: The preliminary data demonstrated the feasibility of Elispot and CFSE flow cytometry to detect BeS. The patient with a beryllium specific positive EliSpot and CFSE flow cytometry result had been exposed to beryllium at her workplace 20 years ago and is still regularly controlled for her pulmonary status. A positive BeLPT had already been described in 2001 in France for this patient. Further validation of these techniques are in progress.
Beryllium , Workplace , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Diseases
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27/01/2010 13:20
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20/08/2019 16:34
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