Perinatal stress moderates the link between early and later emotional skills in very preterm-born children: An 11-year-long longitudinal study.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_C04F4095BEBB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Perinatal stress moderates the link between early and later emotional skills in very preterm-born children: An 11-year-long longitudinal study.
Journal
Early human development
Author(s)
Dimitrova N., Turpin H., Borghini A., Morisod Harari M., Urben S., Müller-Nix C.
ISSN
1872-6232 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0378-3782
Publication state
Published
Issued date
06/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
121
Pages
8-14
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Very preterm (VPT) birth refers to an early stressful event putting children at heightened risk for emotional difficulties. However, there is an important individual variability, leaving unexplained why some VPT children do not develop emotional difficulties, while others develop such difficulties in the early years or later in life.
In this study, we examined whether perinatal stress is a risk factor explaining heterogeneities in emotional problems in VPT children.
Thirty-six VPT children and 22 full-term born (FT) children participated in an 11 year-long study. Risk for perinatal stress was assessed at birth with the Perinatal Risk Inventory. Mothers reported children's emotional difficulties at 18 months of child age on the Symptom Checklist and at 11 years on the Child Behavior Checklist.
Results indicated significant differences in emotional scores at 11 years not only between VPT and FT children but also between the low and high perinatal stress groups. More importantly, emotional scores at 18 months influenced variability in internalizing scores at 11 years only in VPT children with high perinatal stress.
Although prematurity affects the emotional abilities of preadolescents, the link between emotional skills in early and later childhood is moderated by the severity of perinatal stress. In particular, VPT children who are born with more complications, and as such experience a more stressful perinatal environment, are more likely to show emotional difficulties at preadolescence.
Keywords
Adult, Affective Symptoms/epidemiology, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child Development, Emotions, Female, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature/growth & development, Infant, Premature/psychology, Male, Stress, Psychological/epidemiology, Emotional problems, Longitudinal design, Perinatal stress, Prematurity, Risk factor
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
03/05/2018 11:01
Last modification date
19/05/2020 6:21
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