Clarifying the Role of Negative Emotions in the Origin and Control of Impulsive Actions

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_C019FAD99916
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Clarifying the Role of Negative Emotions in the Origin and Control of Impulsive Actions
Journal
Psychologica Belgica
Author(s)
Eben Charlotte, Billieux Joël, Verbruggen Frederick
ISSN
2054-670X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/01/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
60
Number
1
Pages
1-17
Language
english
Abstract
This critical review elaborates on the origin of impulsive actions and how these can be controlled. We focus in particular on the role of negative events. First, we outline how impulsive actions often originate from negative events that are (emotionally) appraised. A discrepancy between this current state and a desired goal state leads to action tendencies. The urgency of the resulting action depends on the importance of the goal and the size of the discrepancy. Second, we discuss how such impulsive actions can be regulated or controlled e.g. by biasing competition between different options, or by completely suppressing all motor output. Importantly, such control mechanisms might also depend on emotional factors. To reconcile these findings, we present a coherent theoretical framework, taking into account various cognitive, affective, and motivational mechanisms as well as contextual factors that play a crucial role in the origin and control of impulsive actions.
Keywords
impulsive action, emotion, impulsivity, action control
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/01/2020 10:30
Last modification date
15/01/2020 7:22
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