Natural malaria infection reduces starvation resistance of nutritionally stressed mosquitoes.

Details

Ressource 1Request a copy Sous embargo indéterminé.
State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_BEDE9F08E91E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Natural malaria infection reduces starvation resistance of nutritionally stressed mosquitoes.
Journal
Journal of Animal Ecology
Author(s)
Lalubin F., Delédevant A., Glaizot O., Christe P.
ISSN
1365-2656 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0021-8790
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
83
Number
4
Pages
850-857
Language
english
Abstract
In disease ecology, there is growing evidence that environmental quality interacts with parasite and host to determine host susceptibility to an infection. Most studies of malaria parasites have focused on the infection costs incurred by the hosts, and few have investigated the costs on mosquito vectors. The interplay between the environment, the vector and the parasite has therefore mostly been ignored and often relied on unnatural or allopatric Plasmodium/vector associations. Here, we investigated the effects of natural avian malaria infection on both fecundity and survival of field-caught female Culex pipiens mosquitoes, individually maintained in laboratory conditions. We manipulated environmental quality by providing mosquitoes with different concentrations of glucose-feeding solution prior to submitting them to a starvation challenge. We used molecular-based methods to assess mosquitoes' infection status. We found that mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium had lower starvation resistance than uninfected ones only under low nutritional conditions. The effect of nutritional stress varied with time, with the difference of starvation resistance between optimally and suboptimally fed mosquitoes increasing from spring to summer, as shown by a significant interaction between diet treatment and months of capture. Infected and uninfected mosquitoes had similar clutch size, indicating no effect of infection on fecundity. Overall, this study suggests that avian malaria vectors may suffer Plasmodium infection costs in their natural habitat, under certain environmental conditions. This may have major implications for disease transmission in the wild.
Keywords
avian malaria, Culex pipiens, host-parasite co-evolution, life-history traits, Plasmodium, resource limitation, trade-offs
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
11/11/2013 13:16
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:33
Usage data