Total and activity-induced energy expenditure measured during a year in children with inflammatory bowel disease in clinical remission remain lower than in healthy controls.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_BE0B4657CC86
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Total and activity-induced energy expenditure measured during a year in children with inflammatory bowel disease in clinical remission remain lower than in healthy controls.
Journal
Clinical nutrition
Author(s)
Godin J.P., Martin F.P., Breton I., Schoepfer A., Nydegger A.
ISSN
1532-1983 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0261-5614
Publication state
Published
Issued date
20/02/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is often associated with growth retardation due to malnutrition. However, knowledge on total energy expenditure (TEE), active-induced energy expenditure (AEE) and physical activity remains limited in children with IBD.
Assessment of TEE using the doubly labelled water (DLW) method, resting energy expenditure (REE) using indirect calorimetry, and physical activity level using the actigraph GT3X+ in children with IBD (in remission) and healthy controls.
TEE, REE, AEE and physical activity were measured in 21 children with IBD and 24 healthy controls at baseline. IBD children parameters were monitored further after 6 and 12 months. Predicted REE and TEE values (using Schoefield and the actigraph GT3X+, for REE and TEE respectively) were compared to measured values.
Mean ages at baseline were 14.8 ± 1.5 and 13.2 ± 2 years in children with IBD and in healthy control children, respectively. Measured TEE <sub>DLW</sub> was significantly lower (P < 0.001) in children with IBD compared to the healthy control group. REE corrected by FFM <sup>0.5</sup> , REE and AEE were also significantly lower in children with IBD. Children with IBD had AEE of 17.5% of TEE and had a significantly higher sedentary behaviour as compared to healthy children.
This study suggests that TEE and AEE are reduced in children with IBD in clinical remission which may result in a reduced moderate and vigorous physical activity level. Our result also highlights that the actigraph GT3X + might give good prediction of TEE in children with IBD at group level but it remains highly variable at individual level.
Keywords
Accelerometer, Children, Doubly labelled water, Inflammatory bowel disease, Physical activity, Resting energy expenditure, Total energy expenditure
Pubmed
Create date
11/03/2020 18:07
Last modification date
03/05/2020 7:01
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