Genome-wide association study of borderline personality disorder reveals genetic overlap with bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_BD432F7112DC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Genome-wide association study of borderline personality disorder reveals genetic overlap with bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia.
Journal
Translational psychiatry
Author(s)
Witt S.H., Streit F., Jungkunz M., Frank J., Awasthi S., Reinbold C.S., Treutlein J., Degenhardt F., Forstner A.J., Heilmann-Heimbach S., Dietl L., Schwarze C.E., Schendel D., Strohmaier J., Abdellaoui A., Adolfsson R., Air T.M., Akil H., Alda M., Alliey-Rodriguez N., Andreassen O.A., Babadjanova G., Bass N.J., Bauer M., Baune B.T., Bellivier F., Bergen S., Bethell A., Biernacka J.M., Blackwood DHR, Boks M.P., Boomsma D.I., Børglum A.D., Borrmann-Hassenbach M., Brennan P., Budde M., Buttenschøn H.N., Byrne E.M., Cervantes P., Clarke T.K., Craddock N., Cruceanu C., Curtis D., Czerski P.M., Dannlowski U., Davis T., de Geus EJC, Di Florio A., Djurovic S., Domenici E., Edenberg H.J., Etain B., Fischer S.B., Forty L., Fraser C., Frye M.A., Fullerton J.M., Gade K., Gershon E.S., Giegling I., Gordon S.D., Gordon-Smith K., Grabe H.J., Green E.K., Greenwood T.A., Grigoroiu-Serbanescu M., Guzman-Parra J., Hall L.S., Hamshere M., Hauser J., Hautzinger M., Heilbronner U., Herms S., Hitturlingappa S., Hoffmann P., Holmans P., Hottenga J.J., Jamain S., Jones I., Jones L.A., Juréus A., Kahn R.S., Kammerer-Ciernioch J., Kirov G., Kittel-Schneider S., Kloiber S., Knott S.V., Kogevinas M., Landén M., Leber M., Leboyer M., Li Q.S., Lissowska J., Lucae S., Martin N.G., Mayoral-Cleries F., McElroy S.L., McIntosh A.M., McKay J.D., McQuillin A., Medland S.E., Middeldorp C.M., Milaneschi Y., Mitchell P.B., Montgomery G.W., Morken G., Mors O., Mühleisen T.W., Müller-Myhsok B., Myers R.M., Nievergelt C.M., Nurnberger J.I., O'Donovan M.C., Loohuis LMO, Ophoff R., Oruc L., Owen M.J., Paciga S.A., Penninx BWJH, Perry A., Pfennig A., Potash J.B., Preisig M., Reif A., Rivas F., Rouleau G.A., Schofield P.R., Schulze T.G., Schwarz M., Scott L., Sinnamon GCB, Stahl E.A., Strauss J., Turecki G., Van der Auwera S., Vedder H., Vincent J.B., Willemsen G., Witt C.C., Wray N.R., Xi H.S., Tadic A., Dahmen N., Schott B.H., Cichon S., Nöthen M.M., Ripke S., Mobascher A., Rujescu D., Lieb K., Roepke S., Schmahl C., Bohus M., Rietschel M.
Working group(s)
Bipolar Disorders Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, Major Depressive Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium
ISSN
2158-3188 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2158-3188
Publication state
Published
Issued date
20/06/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Number
6
Pages
e1155
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Borderline personality disorder (BOR) is determined by environmental and genetic factors, and characterized by affective instability and impulsivity, diagnostic symptoms also observed in manic phases of bipolar disorder (BIP). Up to 20% of BIP patients show comorbidity with BOR. This report describes the first case-control genome-wide association study (GWAS) of BOR, performed in one of the largest BOR patient samples worldwide. The focus of our analysis was (i) to detect genes and gene sets involved in BOR and (ii) to investigate the genetic overlap with BIP. As there is considerable genetic overlap between BIP, major depression (MDD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) and a high comorbidity of BOR and MDD, we also analyzed the genetic overlap of BOR with SCZ and MDD. GWAS, gene-based tests and gene-set analyses were performed in 998 BOR patients and 1545 controls. Linkage disequilibrium score regression was used to detect the genetic overlap between BOR and these disorders. Single marker analysis revealed no significant association after correction for multiple testing. Gene-based analysis yielded two significant genes: DPYD (P=4.42 × 10 javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@2dfb8703 ) and PKP4 (P=8.67 × 10 javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@2a06c633 ); and gene-set analysis yielded a significant finding for exocytosis (GO:0006887, P javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@436b9be1 =0.019; FDR, false discovery rate). Prior studies have implicated DPYD, PKP4 and exocytosis in BIP and SCZ. The most notable finding of the present study was the genetic overlap of BOR with BIP (r javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@683a14e0 =0.28 [P=2.99 × 10 javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@1988457b ]), SCZ (r javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@5232f27 =0.34 [P=4.37 × 10 javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@1a0818f1 ]) and MDD (r javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@222d9244 =0.57 [P=1.04 × 10 javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@79d5b8e7 ]). We believe our study is the first to demonstrate that BOR overlaps with BIP, MDD and SCZ on the genetic level. Whether this is confined to transdiagnostic clinical symptoms should be examined in future studies.

Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Bipolar Disorder/genetics, Borderline Personality Disorder/genetics, Case-Control Studies, Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Genotype, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multifactorial Inheritance, Schizophrenia/genetics, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
26/06/2017 8:52
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:31
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