High levels of genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum populations in Papua New Guinea despite variable infection prevalence.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_BCF251A42DA0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
High levels of genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum populations in Papua New Guinea despite variable infection prevalence.
Journal
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Author(s)
Barry A.E., Schultz L., Senn N., Nale J., Kiniboro B., Siba P.M., Mueller I., Reeder J.C.
ISSN
1476-1645 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0002-9637
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Volume
88
Number
4
Pages
718-725
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
High levels of genetic diversity in Plasmodium falciparum populations are an obstacle to malaria control. Here, we investigate the relationship between local variation in malaria epidemiology and parasite genetic diversity in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Cross-sectional malaria surveys were performed in 14 villages spanning four distinct malaria-endemic areas on the north coast, including one area that was sampled during the dry season. High-resolution msp2 genotyping of 2,147 blood samples identified 761 P. falciparum infections containing a total of 1,392 clones whose genotypes were used to measure genetic diversity. Considerable variability in infection prevalence and mean multiplicity of infection was observed at all of the study sites, with the area sampled during the dry season showing particularly striking local variability. Genetic diversity was strongly associated with multiplicity of infection but not with infection prevalence. In highly endemic areas, differences in infection prevalence may not translate into a decrease in parasite population diversity.
Keywords
Adult, Alleles, Antigens, Protozoan/blood, Antigens, Protozoan/genetics, Base Sequence, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control, Endemic Diseases/prevention & control, Gene Frequency, Genetic Variation, Genotype, Haplotypes, Humans, Malaria, Falciparum/epidemiology, Malaria, Falciparum/parasitology, Papua New Guinea/epidemiology, Plasmodium falciparum/classification, Plasmodium falciparum/genetics, Prevalence, Protozoan Proteins/blood, Protozoan Proteins/genetics, Seasons, Young Adult
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
22/08/2014 14:12
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:31
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