INTRAVITREAL ANTI-VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR TREATMENT AT 2-MONTH INTERVALS REDUCES FOVEAL AVASCULAR ZONE ENLARGEMENT AND VISION LOSS IN RADIATION MACULOPATHY: A Pilot Study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_BB58C9760269
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
INTRAVITREAL ANTI-VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR TREATMENT AT 2-MONTH INTERVALS REDUCES FOVEAL AVASCULAR ZONE ENLARGEMENT AND VISION LOSS IN RADIATION MACULOPATHY: A Pilot Study.
Journal
Retina
Author(s)
Daruich A., Matet A., Schalenbourg A., Zografos L.
ISSN
1539-2864 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0275-004X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
39
Number
8
Pages
1519-1526
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To evaluate, in eyes with radiation maculopathy, the effect of 2-month-interval anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy on best-corrected visual acuity and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) enlargement using optical coherence tomography angiography.
Consecutive treatment-naive patients with radiation maculopathy after proton beam irradiation for choroidal melanoma were retrospectively included. Clinical and optical coherence tomography angiography data at baseline and the 6-month visit were recorded. Two independent observers measured FAZ area manually on 3 × 3-mm optical coherence tomography angiography images of the superficial capillary plexus and deep capillary plexus. Patients were encouraged to follow strictly a 2-month-interval intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment by either bevacizumab or ranibizumab. Findings were analyzed based on the adherence to the treatment scheme.
According to the adherence to the bimonthly anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment protocol, patients were categorized into 3 groups: treatment protocol (n = 19, strict adherence), variable intervals (n = 11, intervals other than 2 months), and no treatment (n = 11). The estimated radiation dose to the foveola in each group was 49 ± 16, 46 ± 17, and 46 ± 18 cobalt gray equivalent, respectively (P = 0.85). For the entire cohort, best-corrected visual acuity loss (P < 0.02) and FAZ enlargement (P < 0.0001) were observed over 6 months. Best-corrected visual acuity loss was significantly less pronounced in the treatment-protocol group than in the variable-interval and no-treatment groups (P = 0.007 and P = 0.004). The FAZ enlargement was lower in the treatment-protocol group compared with the variable-interval group for both superficial capillary plexus (P = 0.029) and deep capillary plexus (P = 0.03), and to the no-treatment group for the deep capillary plexus only (P = 0.016).
Decrease in best-corrected visual acuity and FAZ enlargement on optical coherence tomography angiography occurred over 6 months in eyes with radiation maculopathy and were significantly reduced under 2-month-interval anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
17/05/2018 19:23
Last modification date
23/09/2019 6:09
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