Prevalence of elevated blood pressure and association with overweight in children of a rapidly developing country.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_BAC0AE93A687
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence of elevated blood pressure and association with overweight in children of a rapidly developing country.
Journal
Journal of Human Hypertension
Author(s)
Chiolero  Arnaud, Madeleine  George, Gabriel  Anne, Burnier  Michel, Paccaud  Fred, Bovet  Pascal
ISSN
0950-9240
ISSN-L
0950-9240
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Number
2
Pages
120-127
Abstract
We assessed the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and the association with excess body weight among a large sample of children in the Seychelles, a middle-income rapidly developing country in the African region. Weight, height and BP were measured in all children of four school grades in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean). Excess weight categories ('overweight' and 'obesity') were defined according to the criteria of the International Obesity Task Force. Two BP readings were obtained on one occasion. 'Elevated BP' was defined based on US reference tables. Data were available in 15 612 (86%) of 18 119 eligible children aged 5-16 years in 2002-2004. In all, 13.0% of boys and 18.8% of girls were overweight or obese. The prevalence of elevated BP was 9.1% in boys and 10.1% in girls. Both systolic and diastolic BP were strongly associated with body mass index (BMI) in boys and in girls. In children with 'normal weight', 'overweight (and not obesity)' and 'obesity', respectively, proportions with elevated BP were 7.5, 16.9 and 25.2% in boys, and 7.5, 16.1 and 33.2% in girls. Overweight (including obesity) could account for 18% of cases of elevated BP in boys and 26% in girls. Further studies should examine the impact of the relationship between BMI and elevated BP on the burden of hypertension in the context of the epidemic of paediatric obesity.
Keywords
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Hypertension , Overweight
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
29/01/2008 14:57
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:28
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