Associations between anxiety disorders and diet quality in a Swiss cohort study.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_B9FFDF11B55D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Associations between anxiety disorders and diet quality in a Swiss cohort study.
Journal
Comprehensive psychiatry
Author(s)
Richard A., Rohrmann S., Pestoni G., Strippoli M.F., Lasserre A., Marques-Vidal P., Preisig M., Vandeleur C.L.
ISSN
1532-8384 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0010-440X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/08/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
118
Pages
152344
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Anxiety disorders are common in the general population and can have a major impact on a person's behavior. These disorders may also affect shopping and cooking habits, which may lead to a less healthy diet. Thus, we aimed to assess whether any current anxiety disorder or current specific anxiety disorders were associated with diet quality.
Data of 6392 observations of 3993 participants were retrieved from 2 data waves of a population-based prospective cohort study conducted in an urban area in Switzerland. To assess the associations of anxiety status with diet quality measured by the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), we performed cross-sectional multilevel random-effects linear regression analyses, which accounted for potential repeated participation and a series of potential confounders.
We observed an association between the presence of any current anxiety disorder and lower diet quality. For the most conclusive model, the AHEI was 1.2 points lower among those with current anxiety disorders compared to those participants with no anxiety disorder (p = 0.016). When specific anxiety disorders were included separately into the model, panic disorder was associated with lower diet quality in the fully adjusted model (p = 0.037).
Our findings of reduced diet quality in people with any current anxiety disorder suggest that practical support is needed when it comes to buying and processing food. This might be systematically addressed in psychotherapy and external interdisciplinary support (e.g. occupational therapy and dietary counselling) should be involved. However, further data is needed to strengthen the findings of the present study.
Keywords
Alternate health eating index, Anxiety, Anxiety disorders, Diet quality
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
30/08/2022 11:37
Last modification date
02/09/2022 7:13
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