Alcohol consumption and total mortality/morbidity-definitions and methodological implications

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B9E99C839515
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Alcohol consumption and total mortality/morbidity-definitions and methodological implications
Journal
Best Practice and Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Author(s)
Rehm  J., Gmel  G.
ISSN
1521-6918 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2003
Volume
17
Number
4
Pages
497-505
Notes
Journal Article
Review --- Old month value: Aug
Abstract
Two main types of studies of alcohol consumption and total mortality/morbidity are distinguished, namely: individual level studies and aggregate level studies.Alcohol consumption is usually characterized in terms of volume or average volume of consumption. More recently, patterns of drinking, especially heavy drinking occasions, have been introduced. On the individual level, the definition of mortality is trivial (death) and morbidity is either defined by hospitalization or by subjective definitions. On the aggregate level, mortality is defined either in death rates or in years of life lost, and morbidity as hospitalization rates or years of life lost to disability. Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) combine mortality and morbidity into a summary measure of health.Individual level studies clearly should be given preference in assessing the relationship between alcohol and outcomes, as long as the assessment of alcohol consumption is state-of-the-art and the sample includes all relevant drinking patterns, plus if there is adequate control for confounding and adequate statistical analysis.
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking/*epidemiology/mortality Bias (Epidemiology) Cause of Death Cohort Studies Humans Morbidity
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 17:16
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:27
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