Which conditions should be considered as disorders in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) designation of “other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors”?

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_B9C2978EB6E0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Which conditions should be considered as disorders in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) designation of “other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors”?
Journal
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Author(s)
Brand Matthias, Rumpf Hans-Jürgen, Demetrovics Zsolt, MÜller Astrid, Stark Rudolf, King Daniel L., Goudriaan Anna E., Mann Karl, Trotzke Patrick, Fineberg Naomi A., Chamberlain Samuel R., Kraus Shane W., Wegmann Elisa, Billieux Joël, Potenza Marc N.
ISSN
2062-5871
2063-5303
ISSN-L
2062-5871
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Gambling and gaming disorders have been included as "disorders due to addictive behaviors" in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Other problematic behaviors may be considered as "other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors (6C5Y)."
Narrative review, experts' opinions.
We suggest the following meta-level criteria for considering potential addictive behaviors as fulfilling the category of "other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors":1. Clinical relevance: Empirical evidence from multiple scientific studies demonstrates that the specific potential addictive behavior is clinically relevant and individuals experience negative consequences and functional impairments in daily life due to the problematic and potentially addictive behavior.2. Theoretical embedding: Current theories and theoretical models belonging to the field of research on addictive behaviors describe and explain most appropriately the candidate phenomenon of a potential addictive behavior.3. Empirical evidence: Data based on self-reports, clinical interviews, surveys, behavioral experiments, and, if available, biological investigations (neural, physiological, genetic) suggest that psychological (and neurobiological) mechanisms involved in other addictive behaviors are also valid for the candidate phenomenon. Varying degrees of support for problematic forms of pornography use, buying and shopping, and use of social networks are available. These conditions may fit the category of "other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors".
It is important not to over-pathologize everyday-life behavior while concurrently not trivializing conditions that are of clinical importance and that deserve public health considerations. The proposed meta-level-criteria may help guide both research efforts and clinical practice.
Keywords
behavioral addiction, ICD-11, Gambling Disorder, Gaming Disorder
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
13/07/2020 11:21
Last modification date
07/08/2020 6:10
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