Indications and Outcomes of Helicopter Rescue Missions in Alpine Mountain Huts: A Retrospective Study

Details

Request a copy
Serval ID
serval:BIB_B8FBE1DE429B
Type
A Master's thesis.
Publication sub-type
Master (thesis) (master)
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Indications and Outcomes of Helicopter Rescue Missions in Alpine Mountain Huts: A Retrospective Study
Author(s)
MARXER L.
Director(s)
HUGLI O.
Codirector(s)
PASQUIER M.
Institution details
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Publication state
Accepted
Issued date
2016
Language
french
Abstract
Introduction and Method
This retrospective study describes the rescue indications and outcome of patients rescued by helicopter from mountain huts in the Swiss Alps. The hospital course and operational data were also studied.
Results
Among 14,872 helicopter rescue missions undertaken during the 10-year study period, 309 (2.1%) were performed from mountain huts at a mean altitude of 2794 – 459 m. The mean age of the patients was 43 – 16 and 66% were male. Thirty-four percent of the patients had a National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics score ≥3. Most (89%) patients were transported to hospital and only 12 (3.9%) patients had to stay more than 48 hours. Hospital diagnoses were extremely varied. Trauma accounted for 50% and altitude diseases for 7% of the cases. A winching procedure was performed 18 times and 19 missions included a night flight.
Conclusion
Helicopter rescue missions in mountain huts are a small part of all rescue missions. Our study provides a better understanding of medical emergencies arising in mountain huts. The diagnoses encountered are extremely varied in their type and severity. Hut keepers should be prepared for these situations as they will often have to act as first responders in the case of medical problems.
Create date
22/03/2021 11:52
Last modification date
23/03/2021 6:27
Usage data