Spine growth precedes synapse formation in the adult neocortex in vivo

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B8E7FA451939
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Spine growth precedes synapse formation in the adult neocortex in vivo
Journal
Nature Neuroscience
Author(s)
Knott  G. W., Holtmaat  A., Wilbrecht  L., Welker  E., Svoboda  K.
ISSN
1097-6256 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2006
Volume
9
Number
9
Pages
1117-24
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Sep
Abstract
Dendritic spines appear and disappear in an experience-dependent manner. Although some new spines have been shown to contain synapses, little is known about the relationship between spine addition and synapse formation, the relative time course of these events, or whether they are coupled to de novo growth of axonal boutons. We imaged dendrites in barrel cortex of adult mice over 1 month, tracking gains and losses of spines. Using serial section electron microscopy, we analyzed the ultrastructure of spines and associated boutons. Spines reconstructed shortly after they appeared often lacked synapses, whereas spines that persisted for 4 d or more always had synapses. New spines had a large surface-to-volume ratio and preferentially contacted boutons with other synapses. In some instances, two new spines contacted the same axon. Our data show that spine growth precedes synapse formation and that new synapses form preferentially onto existing boutons.
Keywords
Age Factors Animals Dendritic Spines/*physiology/ultrastructure Male Mice Microscopy, Electron Models, Anatomic Models, Neurological Neocortex/*physiology Synapses/*physiology/ultrastructure
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
24/01/2008 14:41
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:26
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