Inequalities in obesity in Portugal: regional and gender differences.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B7B23D03C8C1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Inequalities in obesity in Portugal: regional and gender differences.
Journal
European journal of public health
Author(s)
Alves L., Stringhini S., Barros H., Azevedo A., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1464-360X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1101-1262
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/08/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Number
4
Pages
775-780
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Obesity levels vary considerably according to geographical region and socio-economic status. We evaluated the prevalence of obesity by education and occupational position across seven Portuguese regions. Relative and absolute inequalities in obesity were also assessed.
Data was drawn from the Portuguese Health Survey 2005/6 (26 674 adults, 46.6% women). Education was categorized as ≤4, 5-11 and ≥12 complete years of education. Occupational position was grouped as upper white collar, lower white collar and blue collar. The Relative Index of Inequality (RII) and the Slope Index of Inequality (SII) were used to quantify relative and absolute inequalities in obesity, respectively.
In women, prevalence of obesity ranged between 10.0% (Algarve) and 20.3% (Azores); in men, it ranged between 13.3% (Algarve) and 16.4% (Lisbon). In women, the educational RII (95% confidence interval) ranged between 2.4 (1.1 to 5.1) in the Centre and 6.6 (3.0 to 14.2) in Alentejo, and the SII (95% CI) between 9.7 (-1.3 to 20.7) and 33.0 (26.0 to 40.0), respectively. In men, the RII ranged between 0.8 (0.4 to 1.5) in Madeira and 1.9 (1.0 to 4.5) in the Centre, and the SII between -8.3 (-19.0 to 2.5) and 9.5 (-0.1 to 19.1), respectively. Occupational RIIs were similar to those for education, although somewhat lower.
In Portugal, large educational and occupational inequalities in obesity are observed, but they vary considerably by region and are larger among women than men.
Keywords
Adult, Female, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity/epidemiology, Obesity/etiology, Occupations/statistics & numerical data, Portugal/epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/04/2017 10:00
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:25
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