Canakinumab (ACZ885) vs triamcinolone acetonide for treatment of acute flares and prevention of recurrent flares in gouty arthritis patients refractory to or contraindicated to nsaids and/or colchicine.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B7A2289E70B5
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Canakinumab (ACZ885) vs triamcinolone acetonide for treatment of acute flares and prevention of recurrent flares in gouty arthritis patients refractory to or contraindicated to nsaids and/or colchicine.
Title of the conference
Annual Meeting of the British-Society-Rheumatology/Spring Meeting of British Health Professional in Rheumatology
Author(s)
So Alexander, Meulemeester Marc D., Bodalia Bhavesh, Shamim Talha, Pikhlak Andrey, Yuecel A. Eftal , Arulmani Udayasankar, Richard Dominik, Murphy Valda, Sallstig Peter, Schlesinger Naomi
Address
Birningham, England, April 21-23, 2010
ISBN
1462-0324
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
49
Series
Rheumatology
Pages
I60-I61
Language
english
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Purpose:
Current treatments for arthritis flares in gout (gouty arthritis) are not effective in all patients and may be contraindicated in many due to underlying comorbidities. Urate crystals activate the NALP 3 inflammasome which stimulate production of IL-1β, driving inflammatory processes. Targeted IL-1β blockade may be an alternative treatment for gouty arthritis. Canakinumab (ACZ885) is a fully human monoclonal anti- IL-1β antibody with a long half-life (28 days).
Method:
This was an 8-weeks, dose-ranging, multicenter, blinded, double-dummy, active-controlled trial of patients ≥18 to ≤80 y with an acute gouty arthritis flare, refractory to or contraindicated to NSAIDs and/or colchicine. Patients were randomized to 1 subcutanous (sc) dose of canakinumab (10, 25, 50, 90, or 150 mg) or 1 intra muscular (im) dose of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) [40 mg]. The primary variable was assessed 72 h post-dose, measured on a 0-100 mm VAS pain scale. Secondary variables included pain intensity 24 and 48 h post dose, time to 50% reduction in pain intensity, and time to recurrence of gout flares up to 8 weeks post dose.
Results:
200 patients were enrolled (canakinumab n=143, TA n=57) and 191 completed the study. A statistically significant dose response was observed at 72 h. The 150 mg dose reached superior pain relief compared to TA starting from 24h: estimated mean difference in pain intensity on 0-100 mm VAS was -11.5 at 24 h, -18.2 at 48 h, and -19.2 at 72 h (all p<0.05). Canakinumab 150 mg provided a rapid onset of pain relief: median time to 50% reduction in pain was reached at 1 day with canakinumab 150 mg vs 2 days for the TA group (p=0.0006). The probability of recurrent gout flares was 3.7% with canakinumab 150 mg vs. 45.4% with TA 8 weeks post treatment, a relative risk reduction of 94% (p=0.006). Serious AEs occurred in 2 patients receiving canakinumab (appendicitis and carotid artery stenosis) and 1 receiving TA (cerebrovascular disorder). Investigator's reported these events as not study drug related. There were no discontinuations due to AEs.
Conclusion:
Canakinumab 150 mg provided faster onset and superior pain relief compared to TA for acute flares in gouty arthritis patients refractory to or contraindicated to standard treatments. The 150 mg dose of canakinumab prevented recurrence of gout flares with a relative risk reduction compared to TA of 94% at 8 weeks post-dose, and was well tolerated.
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Create date
29/06/2010 10:14
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:25
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