Cobénéfices santé-environnement []

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_B6BFB5A3171E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Cobénéfices santé-environnement []
Journal
Revue medicale suisse
Author(s)
Holguera J.G., Niwa N., Senn N.
ISSN
1660-9379 (Print)
ISSN-L
1660-9379
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/11/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Number
714-1
Pages
5-36
Language
french
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The health of ecosystems and human health are closely linked. Interdisciplinary approaches and initiatives such as "One-Health," "EcoHealth," and, more recently, "Planetary Health" articulate this link. The three concepts are based on recognizing the interdependence between living organisms, both human and non-human, and their ecosystems. And yet, we are living in a time when human activity is leading to a profound degradation of the environment all over the world. Nine planetary boundaries for earth system processes have been proposed who's critical thresholds should not be crossed if we want to maintain our ecosystems and avoid risk of unwelcome outcomes: 1) climate change, 2) loss of biodiversity, 3) disturbances in biogeochemical cycles of nitrogen and phosphorus, 4) deforestation and changes in land use, 5) chemical pollution, 6) ocean acidification, 7) depletion of the ozone layer, 8) the degradation of drinking water, and 9) aerosol pollution. These "planetary bounderies" are suggested to represent a framework within which human activity can develop safely while still allowing the Earth systems to function sustainably. Yet several of these thresholds have already been crossed or are in a risky zone of uncertainty. This is all the more worrying because the connect ions between these various forms of environmental degradation and to human health are nonlinear and complex.
Keywords
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Ecosystem, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Seawater
Pubmed
Create date
06/07/2021 12:54
Last modification date
20/08/2022 7:13
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