Characteristics of patients treated for active lower gastrointestinal bleeding detected by CT angiography: Interventional radiology versus surgery.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B6B8C67AB513
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Characteristics of patients treated for active lower gastrointestinal bleeding detected by CT angiography: Interventional radiology versus surgery.
Journal
European journal of radiology
Author(s)
Pannatier M., Duran R., Denys A., Meuli R., Zingg T., Schmidt S.
ISSN
1872-7727 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0720-048X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
120
Pages
108691
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To determine radiological or clinical criteria guiding treatment decisions in active lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB).
We consecutively and retrospectively included all patients admitted to our emergency department for acute LGIB proven by CT angiography (CTA) from 2004 to 2017. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether they first underwent interventional radiological (IR) or surgical treatment. Two radiologists reviewed CTA and angiographic images. Patients' hemodynamic and clinical parameters, delay between imaging and treatment, procedure characteristics, and outcomes were investigated to detect differences between the two groups.
Initial management consisted of IR in 62 cases (70.5%) and surgery in 26 (29.5%). IR cases were older than surgical cases (74.3 vs 64.3y, p = 0.014). Baseline hemodynamic parameters were similar between the two groups. For colonic bleeding sources, the delay between CTA and IR was shorter than between CTA and surgery (p = 0.027), while there was a trend towards a shorter delay for all LGIB taken together (p = 0.061). In cases with hematochezia or melena, IR was more frequently performed than surgery (p = 0.001). Surgical cases showed higher base excesses (p = 0.039) and lactate levels (p = 0.042) after treatment compared with IR cases. Length of hospital stay was similar between the two groups (p = 0.728). During angiography, 41 (66%) cases were embolized. Complications occurred in three cases after IR (7%) and in five after surgery (19%).
Initial management of active LGIB revealed by CTA (i.e. IR versus surgery), may depend on age and clinical signs, rather than hemodynamic parameters.
Keywords
Acute Disease, Aged, Computed Tomography Angiography/methods, Embolization, Therapeutic/methods, Female, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Radiology, Interventional/methods, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, CT angiography, Digital subtraction angiography, Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, Interventional radiology, Lower gastrointestinal tract, Therapeutic embolization
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
05/10/2019 14:08
Last modification date
18/02/2020 6:20
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