Effect of interval training on cognitive functioning and cerebral oxygenation in obese patients: a pilot study

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_B4A58D34E9F0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Effect of interval training on cognitive functioning and cerebral oxygenation in obese patients: a pilot study
Journal
J Rehabil Med
Author(s)
Drigny J., Gremeaux V., Dupuy O., Gayda M., Bherer L., Juneau M., Nigam A.
ISSN
1651-2081 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1650-1977
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/2014
Volume
46
Number
10
Pages
1050-4
Language
english
Notes
Drigny, Joffrey
Gremeaux, Vincent
Dupuy, Olivier
Gayda, Mathieu
Bherer, Louis
Juneau, Martin
Nigam, Anil
eng
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden
J Rehabil Med. 2014 Nov;46(10):1050-4. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1905.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a 4-month high-intensity interval training programme on cognitive functioning, cerebral oxygenation, central haemodynamic and cardiometabolic parameters and aerobic capacity in obese patients. METHODS: Cognitive functioning, cerebral oxygenation, central haemodynamic, cardiometabolic and exercise para-meters were measured before and after a 4-month high-intensity interval training programme in 6 obese patients (mean age 49 years (standard deviation 8), fat mass percentage 31 +/- 7%). RESULTS: Body composition (body mass, total and trunk fat mass, waist circumference) and fasting insulin were improved after the programme (p < 0.05). V. O2 and power output at ventilatory threshold and peak power output were improved after the programme (p < 0.05). Cognitive functioning, including short-term and verbal memory, attention and processing speed, was significantly improved after training (p < 0.05). Cerebral oxygen extraction was also improved after training (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These preliminary results indicate that a 4-month high-intensity interval training programme in obese patients improved both cognitive functioning and cere-bral oxygen extraction, in association with improved exercise capacity and body composition.
Keywords
Adult, Body Composition, Cerebral Cortex/*metabolism, Cognition/*physiology, Exercise Therapy/*methods, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity/physiopathology/*rehabilitation, Oxygen Consumption/*physiology, Pilot Projects, Treatment Outcome, Waist Circumference
Pubmed
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26/11/2019 11:35
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06/05/2020 5:26
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