Perceived barriers to healthy eating and adherence to dietary guidelines: Nationwide study.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_B202BCE7C833
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Perceived barriers to healthy eating and adherence to dietary guidelines: Nationwide study.
Journal
Clinical nutrition
Author(s)
de Mestral C., Khalatbari-Soltani S., Stringhini S., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1532-1983 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0261-5614
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
39
Number
8
Pages
2580-2585
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
People report many barriers that prevent them from achieving a healthy diet. Whether perceived barriers are associated with dietary behavior remains unclear.
To assess the association between barriers to healthy eating and adherence to the Swiss dietary guidelines.
Cross-sectional data from the Swiss Health Survey 2012 (N = 15,450; 53% women). Barriers included price, daily habits, taste, gluttony, lack of time, lack of willpower, limited options in restaurants, in supermarkets, no social support, and social opposition. The associations between barriers and adherence to Swiss dietary guidelines were assessed using multivariable logistic regression.
Daily habits (odds ratio; 95% confidence interval: 0.91; 0.85-0.98) and taste (0.85; 0.79-0.91) were associated with lower adherence to the guidelines for fruits, while price (1.13; 1.06-1.21) and limited options in restaurants (1.33; 1.23-1.45) and in supermarkets (1.18; 1.03-1.35) were associated with higher adherence. Taste was associated with lower adherence to the guidelines for vegetables (0.72; 0.66-0.78), while price (1.20; 1.11-1.30), gluttony (1.17; 1.04-1.31), social group opposition (1.48; 1.18-1.85) and limited options in restaurants (1.56; 1.42-1.72) and in supermarkets (1.25; 1.07-1.47) were associated with higher adherence. Daily habits (0.82; 0.75-0.90), time (0.86; 0.78-0.94), lack of willpower (0.78; 0.70-0.87), and gluttony (0.86; 0.76-0.98) were associated with lower adherence to the guidelines for fish, whereas price (1.09; 1.01-1.19), and limited options in restaurants (1.26; 1.14-1.39) and supermarkets (1.40; 1.20-1.63) were associated with higher adherence. Daily habits (0.89; 0.82-0.97), taste (0.66; 0.61-0.72), lack of willpower (0.84; 0.76-0.92) and gluttony (0.66; 0.58-0.75) were associated with lower adherence to the guidelines for meat. Time (0.88; 0.78-0.99) was associated with lower adherence to the guidelines for dairy, while gluttony (1.26; 1.09-1.46) was associated with higher adherence. Daily habits was associated with lower adherence (0.91; 0.85-0.97) to the guidelines for liquids, while limited options in restaurants was associated with higher adherence (1.12; 1.03-1.22).
In the Swiss adult population, several self-reported barriers to healthy eating appear to hinder adherence to the dietary guidelines, while other commonly reported barriers are linked to higher adherence.
Keywords
Barriers to healthy eating, Dietary guidelines, Epidemiology, National health survey, Nutrition
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/12/2019 18:39
Last modification date
23/10/2020 6:23
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