Effect of a lifestyle intervention on adiposity and fitness in socially disadvantaged subgroups of preschoolers: a cluster-randomized trial (Ballabeina)

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_B18E8F3D6C7B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Effect of a lifestyle intervention on adiposity and fitness in socially disadvantaged subgroups of preschoolers: a cluster-randomized trial (Ballabeina)
Journal
Preventive medicine
Author(s)
Bürgi F. (co-first), Niederer I., Schindler C., Bodenmann P., Marques-Vidal P., Kriemler S., Puder J.J. (co-last)
ISSN
1096-0260 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0091-7435
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
54
Number
5
Pages
335-340
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
A multidimensional lifestyle intervention performed in 652 preschoolers (72% of migrant, 38% of low educational level (EL) parents) reduced body fat, but not BMI and improved fitness. The objective of this study is to examine whether the intervention was equally effective in children of migrant and/or low EL parents.
Cluster-randomized controlled single blinded trial, conducted in 2008/09 in 40 randomly selected preschools in Switzerland. The culturally tailored intervention consisted of a physical activity program and lessons on nutrition, media use and sleep. Primary outcomes included BMI and aerobic fitness. Secondary outcomes included %body fat, waist circumference and motor agility.
Children of migrant parents benefitted similarly from the intervention compared to their counterparts (p for interaction≥ 0.09). However, children of low EL parents benefitted less, although these differences did not reach statistical significance (p for interaction≥ 0.06). Average intervention effect sizes for BMI were -0.10, -0.05, -0.11 and 0.04 kg/m(2) and for aerobic fitness were 0.55, 0.20, 0.37 and -0.05 stages for children of non-migrant, migrant, middle/high EL and low EL parents, respectively.
This intervention was similarly effective among preschoolers of migrant parents compared to their counterparts, while children of low EL parents benefitted less.
Keywords
Adiposity/ethnology, Adiposity/physiology, Body Mass Index, Child, Cluster Analysis, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Promotion/methods, Healthcare Disparities, Humans, Life Style/ethnology, Male, Obesity/epidemiology, Obesity/prevention & control, Parents/education, Physical Education and Training/methods, Physical Fitness/physiology, Switzerland, Transients and Migrants/psychology, Transients and Migrants/statistics & numerical data, Vulnerable Populations/statistics & numerical data, Waist Circumference
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
02/04/2012 8:20
Last modification date
21/07/2021 6:39
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