Creating scripted video-vignettes in an experimental study on two empathic processes in oncology: Reflections on our experience

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_AF274607F815
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Creating scripted video-vignettes in an experimental study on two empathic processes in oncology: Reflections on our experience
Journal
Patient Education and Counseling
Author(s)
Gehenne Lucie, Christophe Véronique, Eveno Clarisse, Carnot Aurélien, Turpin Anthony, Pannier Diane, Piessen Guillaume, Lelorain Sophie
ISSN
1873-5134
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2021
Volume
104
Number
3
Pages
654-662
Language
english
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aims were to: (1) apply the guidelines to develop and test the validity of video-vignettes manipulating empathy and context in oncology; (2) compare lay people’s and patients’ assessments of validity; (3) reflecting on our experiment METHODS: Guidelines were followed: (1) deciding whether video-vignettes were appropriate; (2) developing a valid script; (3) designing valid manipulations; (4) converting the scripted consultations into videos. One hundred sixteen lay people and 46 cancer patients filled in the Video Engagement Scale, the CARE, and ad hoc questionnaires on realism and emotions.
RESULTS: The video-vignettes are valid for experimental use. Differences appeared in the emotions participants reported. The empathic processes were successfully manipulated and perceived. Lay people’s and patients’ assessments were equivalent, except for video-vignettes in neutral consultations. Participants’ comments on nonverbal behavior, camera perspective, scripts and empathy assessment were reported.
CONCLUSION: Patients’ assessments are impacted by their personal experiences. Researchers should control for this in analogue patient studies.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Based on this experience, we reflect on: (1) adopting congruent nonverbal behavior throughout the video-vignettes; (2) alternating camera perspectives; (3) avoiding the sole use of written scripts; (4) using quantitative and qualitative analysis to validate scripts and video-vignettes.
Keywords
Analogue patients, Cancer, Communications Media, Empathy, Humans, Methodology, Physician-Patient Relations, Referral and Consultation, Surveys and Questionnaires, Video-vignette
Pubmed
Create date
21/10/2021 11:54
Last modification date
25/10/2021 22:26
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