Decoding the Evolution of Melanin in Vertebrates.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_AD40B8947285
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Decoding the Evolution of Melanin in Vertebrates.
Journal
Trends in ecology & evolution
Author(s)
McNamara M.E., Rossi V., Slater T.S., Rogers C.S., Ducrest A.L., Dubey S., Roulin A.
ISSN
1872-8383 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0169-5347
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Number
5
Pages
430-443
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Melanins are widespread pigments in vertebrates, with important roles in visual signaling, UV protection, and homeostasis. Fossil evidence of melanin and melanin-bearing organelles - melanosomes - in ancient vertebrates may illuminate the evolution of melanin and its functions, but macroevolutionary trends are poorly resolved. Here, we integrate fossil data with current understanding of melanin function, biochemistry, and genetics. Mapping key genes onto phenotypic attributes of fossil vertebrates identifies potential genomic controls on melanin evolution. Taxonomic trends in the anatomical location, geometry, and chemistry of vertebrate melanosomes are linked to the evolution of endothermy. These shifts in melanin biology suggest fundamental links between melanization and vertebrate ecology. Tissue-specific and taxonomic trends in melanin chemistry support evidence for evolutionary tradeoffs between function and cytotoxicity.
Keywords
Animals, Fossils, Melanins, Melanosomes, Pigmentation/genetics, Vertebrates/genetics, MC1R, fossil color, melanins, melanosomes, metallome
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
08/01/2021 11:26
Last modification date
05/05/2021 6:36
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