Trends in Obesity, Overweight, and Thinness in Children in the Seychelles Between 1998 and 2016.

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State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Serval ID
serval:BIB_AD3530CD7C0E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Trends in Obesity, Overweight, and Thinness in Children in the Seychelles Between 1998 and 2016.
Journal
Obesity
Author(s)
Aly R., Viswanathan B., Mangroo G., Gedeon J., Bovet P.
ISSN
1930-739X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1930-7381
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Number
3
Pages
606-612
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Historical Article ; Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
This study assessed trends in the prevalence of children and adolescents with obesity, overweight, and thinness in the Seychelles, a rapidly developing nation in the Indian Ocean, and changes in the distribution of BMI over time.
Between 1998 and 2016, examination surveys were conducted every year in all students of four selected school grades (kindergarten, primary 4, secondary 1, and secondary 4) in all schools. We categorized BMI by using the International Obesity Task Force criteria.
Based on 70,187 observations, the prevalence of combined overweight or obesity increased largely and monotonically between 1998 and 2016, from 8.9% to 20.0% in boys and from 12.3% to 23.6% in girls, but the prevalence of underweight did not decrease. BMI increased mostly in the upper range of the BMI population distribution: percentile 5 (P5), -1.7%; P10, -0.8%; P25, 0.3%; P50, 2.5%; P75, 7.4%; P90, 12.7%; and P95, 13.3%.
The distribution of BMI was increasingly skewed, with a rising prevalence of obesity, a modest or null increase in BMI in a substantial proportion of the population, and a continued burden of underweight. Further studies should assess child growth trajectories and their underlying determinants, which may bear significance for weight control strategies.
Keywords
Adolescent, Body Mass Index, Child, Female, History, 20th Century, History, 21st Century, Humans, Male, Obesity/epidemiology, Overweight/epidemiology, Seychelles, Surveys and Questionnaires, Thinness/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
08/02/2018 19:18
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:17
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