Atrial fibrillation with small subcortical infarcts.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_AC7B98AF4D5C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Atrial fibrillation with small subcortical infarcts.
Journal
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Author(s)
Jung D.K., Devuyst G., Maeder P., Bogousslavsky J.
ISSN
0022-3050
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2001
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
70
Number
3
Pages
344-349
Language
english
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the characteristics of cardioembolic small (maximum lesion diameter<1.5 cm) subcortical infarcts (SSI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Twenty seven patients with chronic AF and an isolated SSI established by CT/MRI in the anterior circulation (SSI-AF group) were evaluated and their characteristics compared with those of 45 age matched (+/-1 year) patients with SSI, but no arterial or cardiac embolic source (SSI-control group). Using the criterion of the presence or absence of established risk factors (hypertension or diabetes mellitus) for small artery disease (SAD), the SSI-AF group we also subdivided into two groups, SSI-AF-SAD+ (n=22) and SSI-AF-SAD- (n=5) and their characteristics compared. RESULTS: Although the lack of any significant difference in the distribution of hypertension and diabetes mellitus between the SSI-AF and SSI-control groups emphasises SAD as a common cause of infarct in SSI-AF, the presence of AF-together with the higher frequency of neuropsychological disturbances in the SSI-AF group versus the SSI-control group (15% v 2%; p=0.066)-favours cardioembolism as a potential cause of infarct in several patients. The characteristic factors seen more often in the SSI-AF-SAD- group compared with the SSI-AF-SAD+ group were secondary haemorrhagic transformation, faciobrachial pure motor weakness, subinsular involvement, and better recovery of neurological deficits. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that either SAD or cardioembolism can be the cause of SSI in patients with AF. Atrial fibrillation is not always coincidental in patients with SSI and a clinical lacunar stroke. Certain clinical and radiological findings may be useful in differentiating cardioembolism from SAD in patients with SSI.
Keywords
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology, Brain Mapping, Cerebral Infarction/physiopathology, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
11/04/2008 9:23
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:16
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