Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children with Cystic Fibrosis: impact on bacterial respiratory microbiota diversity.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_ABE112806E5C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children with Cystic Fibrosis: impact on bacterial respiratory microbiota diversity.
Journal
Pathogens and disease
Author(s)
Pittet L.F., Bertelli C., Scherz V., Rochat I., Mardegan C., Brouillet R., Jaton K., Mornand A., Kaiser L., Posfay-Barbe K., Asner S.A., Greub G.
ISSN
2049-632X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2049-632X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
06/01/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
The contribution of intracellular and fastidious bacteria in Cystic fibrosis (CF) pulmonary exacerbations, and progressive lung function decline remains unknown. This project aimed to explore their impact on bacterial microbiota diversity over time in CF children.
Sixty-one children enrolled in the MUCOVIB multicentre prospective cohort provided 746 samples, mostly nasopharyngeal swabs, throat swabs and sputa which were analysed using culture, specific real-time qPCRs and 16S rRNA amplicon metagenomics.
Chlamydia pneumoniae (n = 3) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (n = 1) were prospectively documented in 6.6% of CF children. Microbiota alpha-diversity in children with a documented C. pneumoniae was highly variable, similarly to children infected with Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The transition from routine follow-up visits to pulmonary exacerbation (n = 17) yielded variable changes in diversity indexes with some extreme loss of diversity.
The high rate of C. pneumoniae detection supports the need for regular screenings in CF patients. A minor impact of C. pneumoniae on the microbial community structure was documented, likely due to a limited sample size and high inter-individual diversity, stressing the need for larger-scale investigations. Although detected in a single patient, M. pneumoniae should also be considered as a possible aetiology of lung infection in CF subjects.
Keywords
Chlamydiales, Cystic fibrosis, intracellular bacteria, metagenomics, pneumonia, pulmonary exacerbation
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
07/12/2020 16:06
Last modification date
26/01/2021 7:26
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