Obesity in Switzerland: a critical assessment of prevalence in children and adults.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_AB16EC40F49C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Obesity in Switzerland: a critical assessment of prevalence in children and adults.
Journal
International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
Author(s)
Schutz Y., Woringer V.
ISSN
0307-0565 (Print)
ISSN-L
0307-0565
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2002
Volume
26 Suppl 2
Pages
S3-S11
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The objective was to analyze the situation in Switzerland regarding the prevalence of overweight or obesity in children, adolescents and adults. The data were compared with France, an adjacent much larger country. The results showed that there is a definitive lack of objective information in Switzerland on the prevalence of obesity at different ages. As in other European studies, the fact that many national surveys are classically based on subject interviews (self-reported weights and heights rather than measured values) implies that the overweight/obesity prevalence is largely underestimated in adulthood. For example, in a recent Swiss epidemiological study, the prevalence of obesity (BMI greater than 30 kg/m(2)) averaged 6-7% in young men and women (25-34 y), the prevalence being underestimated by a factor of two to three when body weight was self-reported rather than measured. This phenomenon has already been observed in previous European studies. It is concluded that National Surveys based on telephone interviews generally produce biased obesity prevalence results, although the direction of the changes in prevalence of obesity and its evolution with repeated surveys using strict standardized methodology may be evaluated correctly. Therefore, these surveys should be complemented by large-scale epidemiological studies (based on measured anthropomeric variables rather than declared) covering the different linguistic areas of Switzerland. An epidemiological body weight (BMI) monitoring surveillance system, using a harmonized methodology among European countries, would help to accurately assess differences in obesity prevalence across Europe without methodological bias. It will permit monitoring of the dynamic evolution of obesity prevalence as well as the development of appropriate strategies (taking into account the specificity of each country) for obesity prevention and treatment.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Body Mass Index, Body Weight, Child, France/epidemiology, Health Surveys, Humans, Obesity/epidemiology, Risk Factors, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
21/01/2008 13:09
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:15
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