Genetic polymorphisms associated with smoking behaviour predict the risk of surgery in patients with Crohn's disease.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_AA99F97912AB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Genetic polymorphisms associated with smoking behaviour predict the risk of surgery in patients with Crohn's disease.
Journal
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
Author(s)
Lang B.M., Biedermann L., van Haaften W.T., de Vallière C., Schuurmans M., Begré S., Zeitz J., Scharl M., Turina M., Greuter T., Schreiner P., Heinrich H., Kuntzen T., Vavricka S.R., Rogler G., Beerenwinkel N., Misselwitz B.
Working group(s)
Swiss IBD Cohort Study Group
Contributor(s)
Anderegg C., Bauerfeind P., Beglinger C., Begré S., Bengoa J.M., Biedermann L., Bigler B., Binek J., Blattmann M., Boehm S., Borovicka J., Braegger C.P., Brunner N., Bühr P., Burnand B., Burri E., Buyse S., Cremer M., Criblez D.H., de Saussure P., Degen L., Delarive J., Doerig C., Dora B., Dorta G., Egger M., Ehmann T., El-Wafa A., Engelmann M., Ezri A., Felley C., Fliegner M., Fournier N., Fraga M., Frei P., Frei R., Fried M., Froehlich F., Funk C., Furlano R.I., Gallot-Lavallée S., Geyer M., Girardin M., Golay D., Grandinetti T., Gysi B., Haack H., Haarer J., Helbling B., Hengstler P., Herzog D., Hess C., Heyland K., Hinterleitner T., Hiroz P., Hirschi C., Hruz P., Iwata R., Jost R., Juillerat P., Kessler Brondolo V., Knellwolf C., Knoblauch C., Köhler H., Koller R., Krieger-Grübel C., Kullak-Ublick G., Künzler P., Landolt M., Lange R., Lehmann F.S., Macpherson A., Maerten P., Maillard M.H., Manser C., Manz M., Marbet U., Marx G., Matter C., McLin V., Meier R., Mendanova M., Meyenberger C., Michetti P., Misselwitz B., Moradpour D., Morell B., Mosler P., Mottet C., Müller C., Müller P., Müllhaupt B., Münger-Beyeler C., Musso L., Nagy A., Neagu M., Nichita C., Niess J., Noël N., Nydegger A., Obialo N., Oneta C., Oropesa C., Peter U., Peternac D., Petit L.M., Piccoli-Gfeller F., Pilz J.B., Pittet V., Raschle N., Rentsch R., Restellini S., Richterich J.P., Rihs S., Ritz M.A., Roduit J., Rogler D., Rogler G., Rossel J.B., Sagmeister M., Saner G., Sauter B., Sawatzki M., Schäppi M., Scharl M., Schelling M., Schibli S., Schlauri H., Uebelhart S.S., Schnegg J.F., Schoepfer A., Seibold F., Seirafi M., Semadeni G.M., Semela D., Senning A., Sidler M., Sokollik C., Spalinger J., Spangenberger H., Stadler P., Steuerwald M., Straumann A., Straumann-Funk B., Sulz M., Thorens J., Tiedemann S., Tutuian R., Vavricka S., Viani F., Vögtlin J., Von Känel R., Vonlaufen A., Vouillamoz D., Vulliamy R., Wermuth J., Werner H., Wiesel P., Wiest R., Wylie T., Zeitz J., Zimmermann D.
ISSN
1365-2036 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0269-2813
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
47
Number
1
Pages
55-66
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Smoking is a strong environmental factor leading to adverse outcomes in Crohn's disease, but a more benign course in ulcerative colitis. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with smoking quantity and behaviour.
To assess whether smoking-associated SNPs interact with smoking to influence the clinical course of inflammatory bowel diseases.
Genetic and prospectively obtained clinical data from 1434 Swiss inflammatory bowel disease cohort patients (821 Crohn's disease and 613 ulcerative colitis) were analysed. Six SNPs associated with smoking quantity and behaviour (rs588765, rs1051730, rs1329650, rs4105144, rs6474412 and rs3733829) were combined to form a risk score (range: 0-12) by adding the number of risk alleles. We calculated multivariate models for smoking, risk of surgery, fistula, Crohn's disease location and ulcerative colitis disease extent.
In Crohn's disease patients who smoke, the number of surgeries was associated with the genetic risk score. This translates to a predicted 3.5-fold (95% confidence interval: 2.4- to 5.7-fold, P<.0001) higher number of surgical procedures in smokers with 12 risk alleles than individuals with the lowest risk. Patients with a risk score >7 had a significantly shorter time to first intestinal surgery. The genetic risk score did not predict surgery in ulcerative colitis or occurrence of fistulae in Crohn's disease. SNP rs6265 was associated with ileal disease in Crohn's disease (P<.05) and proctitis in ulcerative colitis (P<.05).
SNPs associated with smoking quantity is associated with an increased risk for surgery in Crohn's disease patients who smoke. Our data provide an example of genetics interacting with the environment to influence the disease course of inflammatory bowel disease.
Keywords
Adult, Alleles, Cohort Studies, Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics, Colitis, Ulcerative/surgery, Crohn Disease/genetics, Crohn Disease/surgery, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Proctitis/epidemiology, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Smoking/adverse effects, Smoking/epidemiology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
14/01/2019 16:05
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:14
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