On the rationale of population screening for chronic kidney disease : a public health perspective

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_A7C6AEC05D30
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
On the rationale of population screening for chronic kidney disease : a public health perspective
Journal
Public health Reviews
Author(s)
Bochud M.
ISSN
2107-6952
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Number
11
Pages
2-11
Language
english
Abstract
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its complications represent an enormous and increasing public health burden worldwide [1]. More than one in ten adults suffers from CKD in the general population [2], with a majority of people being in its early stages (i.e. 1 to 3) [2]. In the general population, the prevalence of CKD sharply increases with age [3]. CKD can be considered as a condition associated with premature ageing with accelerated vascular disease [4]. The large number of people with CKD, or at high risk of CKD (i.e. patients with hypertension, diabetes and/or CVD), implies that primary care providers and specialists other than nephrologists frequently encounter patients with CKD [5], a situation in which most CKD cases are diagnosed via opportunistic kidney function screening or automated eGFR reporting.
The aim of this review is to discuss the rationale and currently available evidence for, or against, population-based screening for CKD. The focus will be on the situation of screening asymptomatic individuals at early stages of CKD regardless of the presence or absence of CKD risk factors.
Open Access
Yes
Create date
17/11/2015 14:20
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:12
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