Endovascular treatment of posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_A678D0A4B8CC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Endovascular treatment of posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations.
Journal
Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Author(s)
Robert T., Blanc R., Ciccio G., Gilboa B., Fahed R., Boissonnet H., Redjem H., Pistocchi S., Bartolini B., Piotin M.
ISSN
1532-2653 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0967-5868
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
25
Pages
65-68
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Infratentorial arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are rare, representing only 7-15% of cerebral AVM. The concentration of eloquent neurological structures and the high rate of bleeding presentation of AVM in this location complicate the management of such lesions. New therapeutic options, especially in endovascular therapy, have fundamentally modified the treatment strategy and also the outcome of posterior fossa AVM. Between 1999 and 2013, baseline, clinical and angiographic data of cerebral AVM were prospectively collected. We analyzed data from patients treated for a posterior fossa AVM, focusing on risk factors for bleeding, and clinical and angiographic outcomes. Sixty-nine patients (mean age 34 years, male to female ratio 2:1) were consecutively treated for an infratentorial AVM. Fifty-seven presented with hemorrhage, six with focal neurologic deficits, and the remaining six patients were diagnosed incidentally. The Spetzler-Martin grade was < 3 in 39 (56.5%) patients. Associated aneurysms were noted in 43.5% of patients. All patients were treated using endovascular procedures, associated with microsurgical resection in nine patients and with stereotactic radiosurgery in six. Mean follow-up was 28.5 months, with angiographic exclusion of the AVM in 72.5% of patients; 21.7% of patients presented a modified Rankin Score ⩾ 3 at follow-up. Endovascular embolization seems to be a secure approach for posterior fossa AVM although a large number of sessions are necessary to achieve complete obliteration. Multi-disciplinary discussion and management is crucial to obtain the best cure rate without increasing procedural risks.

Keywords
Adult, Aged, Embolization, Therapeutic/methods, Endovascular Procedures/methods, Female, Humans, Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/surgery, Male, Middle Aged, Radiosurgery/methods, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome
Pubmed
Create date
03/05/2017 11:44
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:11
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