A counterexample to secularization theory? Assessing the Georgian religious revival.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_A6024D609E03
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
A counterexample to secularization theory? Assessing the Georgian religious revival.
Journal
The British journal of sociology
Author(s)
Stolz J., Gugushvili A., Molteni F., Antonietti J.P.
ISSN
1468-4446 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0007-1315
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Secularization theory allows for transitory religious revivals under certain conditions, such as extreme societal crises or state weakness. The country of Georgia has witnessed the largest religious revival of Orthodox countries and one of the most striking religious resurgences worldwide. This paper gives both a statistical and historical description of this revival and asks whether it is a counterexample to secularization theory. We show that the main thrust of the religious revival in Georgia lasted 25 years and seized the entire society in what was mainly a period effect. The most significant cause for the revival was a major societal and economic crisis starting in 1985 combined with a very weak state, creating massive individual insecurity. In these circumstances, the Georgian Orthodox Church was able to provide identity for individuals and legitimacy for governments. Other possible causes of the revival-state funding, too rapid modernization, or emigration-can be excluded as primary drivers of the process. The Georgian case shows a situation in which secularization theory expects transitory revivals and is thus not a counterexample.
Keywords
Sociology and Political Science, insecurity, religious change, religious revival, secularization, state weakness
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
13/03/2023 13:58
Last modification date
20/04/2023 6:54
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