Glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis fluids regulate leptin secretion from 3T3-L1 adipocytes

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_A442C9C6B35C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis fluids regulate leptin secretion from 3T3-L1 adipocytes
Journal
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Author(s)
Teta  D., Tedjani  A., Burnier  M., Bevington  A., Brown  J., Harris  K.
ISSN
0931-0509 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2005
Volume
20
Number
7
Pages
1329-35
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jul
Abstract
BACKGROUND: A marked elevation of serum leptin is observed soon after the start of peritoneal dialysis (PD), suggesting that leptin production may be stimulated by this treatment. Glucose metabolism is the major factor regulating leptin. The current study was designed to test if glucose-based PD fluids might regulate leptin production in vitro. METHODS: 3T3-L1 adipocytes were exposed to a 50:50 mixture of dialysis solutions and medium M199 containing 10% serum for <or=48 h. Leptin secretion in culture cell supernatants was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and leptin mRNA content by northern blot analysis. RESULTS: The high glucose-based commercial dialysate PD4 produced a higher leptin secretion compared with an identical laboratory-manufactured dialysate (Lab-D), but with a physiological glucose concentration of 5 mM (P<0.05). Raising glucose concentration from 2.75 to 40 mM in Lab-D induced a dose-dependent increase in leptin secretion of <or=110+/-12% at 48 h (P<0.001) and leptin mRNA (P<0.05; glucose 2.75 vs 40 mM). Inhibition of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine biosynthesis, with 6-diazo-5-oxo-norleucine added to Lab-D, abolished most of the glucose-stimulated leptin release and downregulated leptin gene expression. Furthermore, glucose-free Lab-D supplemented with 1 mM glucosamine, an intermediate product in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine biosynthesis, increased leptin secretion by 28+/-11% over control (P<0.05), although without effect on leptin mRNA, after 48 h of culture. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the PD-induced hyperleptinaemia could, in part, be mediated by the effect of glucose-based dialysis fluids on leptin production by adipocytes via activation of the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway.
Keywords
3T3-L1 Cells Adipocytes/*drug effects/*secretion Animals Cell Culture Techniques Dialysis Solutions/*pharmacology Glucose/*pharmacology Hexosamines/physiology Leptin/genetics/*secretion Mice *Peritoneal Dialysis RNA, Messenger/metabolism Signal Transduction/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
25/01/2008 13:01
Last modification date
25/09/2019 6:10
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